January 23: Birth Anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose celebrated
On January 23, 2020, India celebrated 123rd birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose. He was born on January 23, 1897. In order to commemorate Netaji’s birth anniversary, GoI is inaugurating a temple at Varanasi in the name of the leader with a Dalit woman as a chief priest. The prayers are to be performed to Bharat Mata at the temple.
About Netaji Temple
The temple is to be built in red, white and black colours. The red colour symbolizes revolution, black represents strength and white for peace. The temple has been built to inculcate patriotism among the citizens.
Azad Hind Fauj
Netaji formed a separate army called the “Azad Hind Fauj”. It was also called the Indian National Army or the INA. There were around 85,000 soldiers in INA.
Netaji did his schooling in Cuttack. He also passed the Indian Civil Service exam. However, he joined the non-cooperation movement and fought for India’s independence. He was elected as the president of Indian National Congress in 1939. However, he was expelled due to his differences with the other Congress leaders.
Controversies of Netaji’s Death
Different theories came with death of Subhash Chandra Bose. However, in 2017 GoI in its reply under Right to Information act, confirmed that the leader had died on August 18, 1945 in a plane crash. He was 48 years old when he died.