GoI Report: Average Temperature in India to raise by 4.4 degree Celsius

The Ministry of Earth Science recently released its report “Assessment of Climate Change over Indian Region”. According to the report, the average surface temperature of India could increase up to 4.4 degree Celsius by the end of 2100 as compared to the temperature between 1976 and 2005.

Climate Forcing

The report says that with the RCP (Representative Concentration Pathway) increasing to 4.5, the temperature of India could rise to 2.4 degree Celsius.

The Representative Concentration Pathway calculates Radiative Forcing or Climate Forcing. Climate Forcing is the difference between sunlight absorbed by the Earth and the energy that is radiated back from the earth.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, the frequency of warm days and warm nights are to increase by 55% and 70% respectively as compared to 1976-2005. The heat waves in the country are expected to increase by 3 to 4 times.

The average temperature of the country increased by 0.7 degree Celsius as compared to the period between 1900 and 2018. The increase in temperature has been largely associated with global warming.  The report predicts that the average temperature in the Hindukush-Himalayan region could increase by 5.2 degree Celsius.