11th Annual Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Progress Report

On November 12, 2020, on the occasion of the World Pneumonia Day, the International Vaccines Access Centre released the 11th Annual Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Progress Report. According to the report, India has made significant progress in vaccination coverage to prevent Diarrhoea and Pneumonia.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, India has achieved the global target of 90% coverage of three of five vaccines. These vaccines are DPT Vaccine, Measles vaccine, PCV vaccine, Rotavirus vaccine and Haemophilus Influenzae Type B vaccine. DPT is Diphtheria, Petrussis and Tetanus vaccine. PCV is Pneumoccal Conjugate Vaccine.

Also, the report says that India has completed the 100-day agenda of un-precedented national scale up of Rotavirus vaccine. This will help protect 26 million children born with cases of rotavirus diarrhoea.

Progress of India

The report says that India has achieved the following

  • The coverage of rotavirus vaccine in India has increased from 35% in 2018 to 53% 2019.
  • The coverage of PCV vaccine has increased from 6% in 2018 to 15% in 2019.

About the report

The report tracked the progress by analysing the following indicators

  • Breastfeeding
  • Immunisation
  • Antibiotics
  • Oral Rehydration Solution
  • Zinc Supplementation

Of the 15 countries that were focussed by the report, India is one among the four that exceeded targets of exclusive breastfeeding.

What were the laggings?

According to the report, India failed to reach all four targets. Only 51% of children in India received Oral Rehydration Solution and only 20% received Zinc. These two are considered as the most effective treatments in preventing deaths from diarrhoea in children.

Background

India accounts to 20% of deaths due to pneumonia in the world. Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are the estimated to have majority of Pneumonia cases of the country, especially in children of age under 5.

International Vaccine Access Centre

It builds knowledge support for the development of vaccines. It was established in 2003 and has served several international organization since then. It is a part of the John Hokins School of Public Health.

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