019 - Urbanization Their Problems and Their Remedies

The risk and impact of natural disasters has increased a manifold in recent times because of the rapid and unplanned urbanization along with high population growth. Discuss the measures needed to address the issue in India.

As per UN-DESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs), about 50% of India’s population will live in urban areas by 2050. This, accompanied by climate change has increased both risk and impact of natural disasters. Hazard + vulnerability = Disaster Urbanization – Increased risk of disasters: Rapid urbanization: Increased burden on natural resources ..


Looking at all poverty from the rural perspective and applying rural solutions to urban conditions will not yield results. Discuss the statement in context of differences between urban and rural poverty in India.

As per UNDP, about 21% people in India live below Poverty Line. Within this, approximately 80% of poor live in rural areas, rest in urban areas. Differences between urban & rural poverty in India: Major cause: Rural – non remunerative agriculture, small land holdings. Urban – Lack of employment, informal & unremunerative employment. Geographic distribution: ..


India is becoming increasingly urban, but simultaneously the number of the urban poor is also increasing. Discuss the problems that the urban poor face. Also, discuss the measures that can be taken to face this challenge.

India is one of the fastest developing countries in the world. Urban areas have contributed most to this development. 31 % of the Indian population lives in urban areas. However, most of our urban population is poor and not well educated or skilled, and the population of such people is also rising. The reasons are: ..