070 - Technology Missions

Throw some light on the potential applications of quantum technology. Also, discuss the challenges associated with this technology.

Quantum technology is the latest leap in computer technology & will usher in a golden age for humanity. A traditional computer uses binary bits, which denote either 1 or 0. But in a quantum computer, there may be multiple possible output states. Thus, a quantum computer can store, process & compute data in much more ..

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5G technology will prove to be a game-changer for digitally empowering the nation, but there are several challenges that needs to be tackled. Critically Analyze.

5G technology refers to the 5th generation mobile-radio-telephony apparatus that is run on radio-waves, has lower latency, lower energy use & faster speed than previous generation. As per International Telecommunication Union, 5G will contribute to 2% increase in Global GDP. Unique opportunities: Higher speed will help in digital education, Tele-medicine & Tele-law, Digital courts, etc. ..

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Discuss the applications of CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors that have revolutionized the genome editing technique.

All life on earth including humans is made up of cells, whose centre is called as the nucleus and has chromosomes inside it. In the nucleus of human cell, there are 23 pairs of chromosomes. The chromosomes are made up of DNA and contain nitrogenous bases which make life possible due to their encoded information. ..

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Use of technology and tools like GIS and Remote Sensing in disaster management can help to mitigate and reduce the impact of disasters. Throw some light on their application.

Disaster Management is a proactive approach to reduce and manage risk and vulnerabilities associated with an adverse event, with the potential to cause devastating damage to the community beyond its coping capacity. GIS and Remote Sensing: Using these Technologies; the satellites and drones can map out the topography of the area and create models. Hazard ..

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India needs to move from being an assembler to a manufacturer of microchips. In this context, identify the associated challenges and opportunities.

The Microchips refer to small sized semiconductor chips which are increasingly being used in day-to-day gadgets, appliances, devices, control systems, etc. Rise of 5G, artificial Intelligence and internet of things has given significant push to microchip industry. In this context, associated challenges for India are: Historical – lack of any previous chip manufacturing base. Geographical ..

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Despite the huge promise of satellite-based internet connectivity, it hasn’t gained traction on a significant commercial scale, especially in India. Discuss.

Satellite-based internet connectivity involves broadband connection and internet to users by connection from satellites. Benefits offered by Satellite-based internet: High bandwidth – Satellite-based connectivity can function at a peak bandwidth and doesn’t show delays during peak hours. Ability to reach remote and inaccessible locations to provide internet services. Use in multiple applications ranging from smart ..

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