GS-I: Poverty and Developmental Issues
The problem of nutritional crisis is as big as the problem of hunger in India and has been a matter of long standing public threat. Discuss and suggest remedial measures.
The nutritional status in India is poor, as highlighted by NFHS-5. According to it, 67% of children and 57% of total women are anaemic, stunting stands at 35% and about 19% of children have issue of wasting. Nutritional status in ..
Self Help Groups (SHGs) plays an important role in upliftment of disadvantaged sections of society by developing rural areas. Elucidate. Further, mention the constraint faced by SHGs and how they can be addressed.
SHGs are the group of voluntary organisations of people, preferably from the same socio-economic background, who have come together for their socio-economic empowerment. Vehicles of rural development: Financial inclusion of the rural population and cheap availability of loans. Gender empowerment ..
Highlight the factors behind fast-paced rural to urban migration and discuss the challenges arising out of it, mainly for the economically weaker sections. Also suggest measures to address this issue.
According to Census 2011, 31.4% of population resides in urban areas. Further 307 million are registered as migrants in the census, predominantly rural to urban migration. Reasons: Agricultural distress in rural areas. More educational opportunities in cities. Lack of economic ..
It has been argued by some that increased penetration of technology and industrialization has led to increase in inequality in India, however the reasons for the same lie somewhere else. Critically analyze.
India has been lagging in various inequality indices (like Gender Inequality Index, Inequality Adjusted Human Development Index, increasing GINI’s coefficient) and failing to provide growth for all. Some argue this as a consequence of technology and industrialization. Their argument is: ..
Microcredit has multiple advantages but its effectiveness as a financial tool has come under question in recent times. Discuss in the context of India.
Microcredit refers to small amount of credit given to small entrepreneurs and other poorer sections to help them become self employed or start a small business. It is a helpful tool for especially the vulnerable ones but recently the huge ..
Among informal sectors, domestic servants are a unique group in India. They are ubiquitous but remains invisible. Highlight the challenges faced by them and factors responsible for these challenges, also suggest remedial measures.
Domestic servant sometimes invariably referred as ‘domestic help’ are people who work in houses, doing works like cleaning, cooking, etc. Ubiquitous – as they are everywhere, even government vacancies are there (e.g. Peons). Invisible – as they are mostly not ..