018 - Poverty and Developmental Issues

Discuss the role of wage employment in poverty alleviation and how is MGNREGA different from it.

The Indian state is a welfare state as enjoined in the Directive Principles of State Policy. Thus, it is the duty of state to alleviate poverty, which stands at 21% as per Suresh Tendulkar committee report. While Universal Basic Income is one of the solutions to address the issue of poverty; another approach is to ..

Topics: 

India faces a paradox of being one of the largest producers of agricultural products on one hand and performing poorly in hunger index on the other hand. Discuss, also suggest ways to address this issue.

Hunger is the distress that arises from insufficient calorie intake. The Paradox: After Independence, India was still a net importer of grains, as our agriculture sector was not developed. We were dependent on PL480 contract with USA where ships filled with grains would come from USA to India. However, the green revolution led by MS ..

Topics: 

There is a need to shift focus from food security to nutritional security in India, comment. Also, suggest a framework to achieve nutritional self-reliance.

Hunger is the distress that arises from insufficient calorie intake. Thus, early policymakers focus was ensuring adequate calorie consumption via food security. Hence, India adopted the PDS/T-PDS/I-PDS, and recently the National Food Security Act, 2013. Challenges: While, food security has improved in India, yet many children suffer from nutrient, mineral and vitamin deficiencies. E.g. Kwashiorkor ..

Topics: 

India continues to perform poor in global hunger index despite adequate food stocks and statutory laws to ensure food security. Analyze and provide solutions to deal with this problem.

Recently India has ranked on 107th position in Global Hunger Index despite overflowing FCI godowns and food wastage. Magnitude of Problem of hunger in India: Burden of malnutrition. High rate of stunting among children. Approximately 50% women are anaemic. Safeguards available: Green revolution & procurement by FCI from farmers. PM-Aasha for enhanced procurement of pulses, ..

Topics: 

Looking at all poverty from the rural perspective and applying rural solutions to urban conditions will not yield results. Discuss the statement in context of differences between urban and rural poverty in India.

As per UNDP, about 21% people in India live below Poverty Line. Within this, approximately 80% of poor live in rural areas, rest in urban areas. Differences between urban & rural poverty in India: Major cause: Rural – non remunerative agriculture, small land holdings. Urban – Lack of employment, informal & unremunerative employment. Geographic distribution: ..

Topics: 

Farm loan waivers are neither adequate nor recommended for promoting sustained agricultural growth. Analyze.

Farm loan waiver refers to the payment of agricultural loans by the government and exemption of farmers from doing the same. Farm loans waivers are inadequate: Only 60% of farmers take a loan from formal banks and the rest depend on informal moneylenders, whose concerns remain unaddressed by waivers. Farm loan waivers only help the ..

Topics: