009 - Post Independence Consolidation and Reorganization
Despite the potential of ‘Bhoodan’ and ‘Gramdan’ movements, it has remained underutilized. Discuss, also elaborate its relevance in contemporary times.
‘Bhoodan’ was a voluntary land redistributive movement launched by Vinoba Bhave after independence. Its essential features are as follows: Zamindars & Land owners to donate ~1/5th of their land. Based on principle of trusteeship of Mahatma Gandhi. Drew upon heritage of National movement. It gathered pace and Bhoodan Act was passed. Jayaprakash Narayan quit active ..
“The political competition between the Congress and Muslim League; and the British role led to the decision for the creation of Pakistan.” In the light of the above statement, discuss various consequences of the partition of India.
Partition of India resulted in one of the largest, most abrupt, unplanned and tragic transfers of human population that history has known. 14.5 million people crossed the borders to what they hoped was the relatively safer country for them. Its various consequences were as follows: Communal Riots Various estimates say that between 2 to 10 ..
Although the principle of religious majorities was followed for the partition of India, yet it was full of practical problems.” Examine.
The actual partition was accomplished by the so called 3 June plan or Mountbatten Plan announced by Mountbatten on 3 June 1947. The major points of this plan were as follows: Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims in Punjab and Bengal legislative assemblies would meet and vote for partition. If a simple majority of either group wanted ..
V P Menon was the Secretary in the Ministry of States established by the Government of India in 1947 to deal with the accession of princely states. Menon was a key official in the Ministry and worked in the background and assisted Sardar Patel by travelling across the country and persuading different Maharajas and Nawabs ..
Post-Independence, India chose the path of state socialism, while China went communist. To what extent, this affected the course of economic development in the two countries?
India got its independence in 1947 and the Peoples Republic of China came to existence in 1949. India followed the path of socialism, and China embraced communism. Today both India and China are among the fastest growing economies of the world. India’s encounter with Socialism: India was the poster child of socialism in third world ..
Sardar Patel’s foresight and tactful navigation during the most turbulent period in post-Independence was a key determinant in building modern India. Sardar Patel rose to the occasion when the key determinant of the political unity was in jeopardy. Sardar Patel: Maker of Modern India: The political integration of India owes largely to the diplomatic skills ..