049 - Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger

India faces a paradox of being one of the largest producers of agricultural products on one hand and performing poorly in hunger index on the other hand. Discuss, also suggest ways to address this issue.

Hunger is the distress that arises from insufficient calorie intake. The Paradox: After Independence, India was still a net importer of grains, as our agriculture sector was not developed. We were dependent on PL480 contract with USA where ships filled with grains would come from USA to India. However, the green revolution led by MS ..

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There is a need to shift focus from food security to nutritional security in India, comment. Also, suggest a framework to achieve nutritional self-reliance.

Hunger is the distress that arises from insufficient calorie intake. Thus, early policymakers focus was ensuring adequate calorie consumption via food security. Hence, India adopted the PDS/T-PDS/I-PDS, and recently the National Food Security Act, 2013. Challenges: While, food security has improved in India, yet many children suffer from nutrient, mineral and vitamin deficiencies. E.g. Kwashiorkor ..

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India continues to perform poor in global hunger index despite adequate food stocks and statutory laws to ensure food security. Analyze and provide solutions to deal with this problem.

Recently India has ranked on 107th position in Global Hunger Index despite overflowing FCI godowns and food wastage. Magnitude of Problem of hunger in India: Burden of malnutrition. High rate of stunting among children. Approximately 50% women are anaemic. Safeguards available: Green revolution & procurement by FCI from farmers. PM-Aasha for enhanced procurement of pulses, ..

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Despite various laws, the problem of bonded labour is still existing in India. Discuss the causes and solutions for the existing problem.

Bonded labour is a type of exploitative work that includes forceful conditions of work for free or very less wages. It has continued even after independence due to factors like: Land reforms and tenancy reforms were not undertaken with sincerity after independence. Informal sources of debt for poor households. Extreme poverty and lack of unemployment. ..

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Global Hunger Index-2019: Analyzing Government Response

India has ranked 102 in the Global Hunger Index, out of 117 qualified countries. Most of this poor performance has been attributed to the increase in the prevalence of wasting in children below the age of 5. What is the problem India is facing? Hunger is defined by caloric deficiency. Malnutrition is the lack of ..

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Revisiting the National Nutrition Strategy 2018

According to recent studies by Lancet, there is evidence of undernutrition and obesity now co-existing and promoting one another. It has also been found that unsafe food contributes directly / indirectly to nutritional outcomes and that poor eating habits impacts our digestion and thereby nutrition. Increase in overweight numbers is a result of changes in ..

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