003 - Indian Architecture

Has India Failed To Maintain Its Heritage Sites Such As Hampi?

Karnataka is all set to host the Annual Hampi Festival in February 2020. But in the wake of it, news of broken infrastructure, encroachment and shoddy renovation have come to light. Why is Hampi important? Hampi was the capital of the glorious Vijaynagara empire in the 1500s. It is one of Karnataka’s, and India’s, biggest ..


How Buddhism can be one of the integrative factors for Pan-Asianism ideology?

21st century is referred as Asian Century. An effective cooperation and integration of Asian countries can give a new narrative to the Asian led 21st century. Buddhism can be one of the integrative factors for the development of Pan-Asianism because Origin and spread: Buddhism originated in the Indian Sub-continent in the 5th century BC, Today ..


The Pallava architecture not only sets the standard in South India but has also greatly influenced the architecture of South East Asia, particularly Cambodia and Vietnam. Discuss.

Pallavas were one of the pioneers of south Indian / Dravidian architecture. Since they were great maritime power, their activities on the sea were mainly directed towards maintaining friendly relations and close contacts with the countries of South East Asia. Apart from trade, this close contacts leads to spread of Pallava art and architecture to South East ..


What are the recently proposed amendments to the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act, 1958? Do you think that the proposed "public purpose" in these amendments could be a flawed notion of the government? Critically discuss.

India is endowed with rich cultural heritage monuments which form a unique and thus immensely valuable resource. AMASR Act and its parent Act of 1958 have their roots in Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1904 which regarded the preservation of Ancient Monuments as highly important. The recently approved amendments will have sweeping consequences. Proposed Amendments: Amendment ..



While keeping in focus Kautilya's Arthashastra, examine the fort architecture of ancient India. What major changes occurred in the same after advent of Muslim conquerors? Examine.

Arthashastra has listed the following types of forts: Jala-durga(Water fort) Antardvipa-durga(island fortress): surrounded by natural (sea or river) water bodies. Sthala-durga(plain fortress): surrounded by artificial moats or irrigated by a river. Giri-durga(Hill fort) Guha-durga: Located in a valley surrounded by hills, where the outposts and the signal towers are located. Vana-durga(Forest fort): Surrounded by a dense ..


The Vijayanagar empire is credited for promoting art, culture, architecture, scientific innovations and their legacy has been said to be preserved and revered till date. List the important rulers of the Vijayanagar Kingdom with their achievements. Also briefly explain the contribution of Vijayanagar Era to Indian Society ?

Vijayanagara Empire or Karnata Rajya was established in 1336 by Harihara-I and his brother Bukka Raya I of the Sangama Dynasty. It is currently located in Hampi (Karnataka). Rulers Four dynasties i.e. Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva, and Aravidu ruled in Vijayanagar from A.D. 1336 to 1672.  It reached its climax at the end of the 14th ..