050 - Important Aspects of Governance Transparency and Accountability Citizen Charters

Intervention by civil society has played a very important role in making governance transparent and accountable. Discuss in context of India.

It is aptly opined that the Media & Civil Society are the fourth pillar of government. “Civil society is the engine of social change” – Dennis Mcquail Civil society refers to the non-profit organizations that are independent of government control and work for humanitarian causes. E.g. Amnesty International, PUCL, Bhartiya Adim Janjati Seva Sangathan, etc. ..

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The merit-based actions against some civil society groups are necessary but some opine it as curb on dissent. Analyze.

The Civil society refers to those non-governmental actors that work as non-profit actors for humanitarian causes. They are so well recognized that their participation is extensive in UN & its associated bodies. Impact of actions on civil society: If action is too much – results in persecution, freedom issue, rule of law not followed, welfare ..

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E-Governance is a tool to empower citizens by transforming governance and increasing people’s participation in the democratic process. Discuss in context of India.

E-governance refers to the use of ICT in ensuring better public service/goods delivery to the masses at large. Advantages: Civil servants made accountable. Continuous review and feedback. Two-way interaction & responsibility. Prevents leakage, pilferage & ensures high quality. Reduction in paper work leads to increase in transparency and decrease in red-tapism. Government initiatives: NIC has ..

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Have ‘Alternate Mechanisms’ been effective in improving the decision making process of the governance in India? Justify.

Governance is indeed a complex, cumbersome, involved and time-taking process. However, certain decisions are time bound; so need for ‘Alternate Mechanisms’ has arisen. ‘Alternate Mechanisms’ have been used in governance for quite some time, such as empowered committee to decide on disinvestment of government companies in past have resulted into reduction of fiscal deficit of ..

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How far has the governance in India achieved the twin objectives of transparency and accountability? Discuss.

NITI Aayog’s recent step to bring out a “Good Governance Index” to measure parameters like transparency & accountability has brought focus on India’s positions on the two. Analysis of governance in India: Transparency: In formulation of schemes: Citizen feedback has become an important element of scheme like EIA, MGNREGA. Implementation of schemes – Digitization of ..

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The principal constraint for India is trying to find solutions to 21st century problems using 19th century government structures. Discuss.

21st century India is faced with a novel set of issues & challenges, influenced by globalization, technology revolution, 4th Industrial revolution, climate change, etc. 21st Century Problems: Dual use of technology & their consequences. E.g. AI & associated privacy concern. New forms of security threats. E.g. Cyber threat, Drones, etc. Integrated nature of problems. E.g. ..

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