085 - Disaster and Disaster Management

It’s not just the geographical conditions that have led to recurring floods in Eastern India. Discuss and also suggest measures to tackle this menace.

Floods are an adverse meteorological event wherein an excessive amount of water gets accumulated in an area & is unable to leave causing submergence. As per IPCC report; over 2 times more floods are occurring per year since the 2000’s. But the devastating impact is also due to human action & our pattern of settlements ..

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Use of technology and tools like GIS and Remote Sensing in disaster management can help to mitigate and reduce the impact of disasters. Throw some light on their application.

Disaster Management is a proactive approach to reduce and manage risk and vulnerabilities associated with an adverse event, with the potential to cause devastating damage to the community beyond its coping capacity. GIS and Remote Sensing: Using these Technologies; the satellites and drones can map out the topography of the area and create models. Hazard ..

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The risk and impact of natural disasters has increased a manifold in recent times because of the rapid and unplanned urbanization along with high population growth. Discuss the measures needed to address the issue in India.

As per UN-DESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs), about 50% of India’s population will live in urban areas by 2050. This, accompanied by climate change has increased both risk and impact of natural disasters. Hazard + vulnerability = Disaster Urbanization – Increased risk of disasters: Rapid urbanization: Increased burden on natural resources ..

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One of the greatest environmental challenges that the world is facing today is desertification and it is getting worse because of climate change. Discuss.

India hosted 14th COP to UN Convention on Desertification which brought to light concerns & challenges around desertification. Nearly 30% of India’s land is undergoing desertification. Desertification: An environmental challenge: Loss of biodiversity – biodiversity is always supported by land, e.g. Himalayan biodiversity is eroding due to desertification. Reduced ground water recharge due to tree ..

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Discuss the threat posed by Covid-19 on the safety and wellbeing of children all over the world. What steps have been taken by National Commission for Protection of Child Rights in this regard?

World Bank released a report pointing that learning disability may increase by 10% in developing countries due to Covid-induced destruction. Threat of Covid on wellbeing of children: Healthcare Disruption of traditional network of ASHA in last-mile delivery. Reduced institutional deliveries. Disruption of traditional vaccination. Mental health – concerns due to reduced socialization. Physical health – ..

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Highlight the gender-specific challenges faced during disaster management. In this regard, discuss, how the disaster management cycle can be made more gender sensitive.

India is one of the countries with the highest vulnerability to disasters, according to the global disaster reduction and relief network. Disaster management includes specific gender-related challenges such as: Women are more vulnerable to disasters due to their confinement in homes. Vulnerable to exploitation post disasters. Ex- women trafficking increases in impacted areas. Capacity-building of ..

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