035 - Devolution of Powers and Finances Up to Local Levels
Throw some light on the impact of Prime Minister’s Office acting as the most powerful office in the process of policymaking.
During the early years after independence, the real center of power was the ‘Cabinet Secretariat’; however, with decline in importance of cabinet, presidential themes in elections, leadership cult & decline in the role of the individual parliamentarians, the PMO emerged as the de-facto decision making body effectively sidelining the cabinet. Structure: It is headed by ..
Fiscal federalism refers to distribution of fiscal powers between the various organs of governments, viz. Union, State, 3rd tier. Recent changes such as 101st constitutional amendment act (GST) and debate around cesses have brought fiscal federalism into news. Evolution of fiscal federalism over time: 1950-1990: Establishment of finance commission to recommend devolution of finances to ..
Adequately empowering the third tier of Indian federal structure is the key to strengthen federalism in India. Analyse.
The 73rd and 74th amendments to the constitution of India ushered in decentralization by establishing PRIs & Municipalities as 3rd tier of Indian federal structure. Despite these constitutional amendments, the 3rd tier suffers from problems inhibiting true empowerment. It faces the problem of “4Fs”: Funds: less than 5% of funds spent by PRIs & municipalities ..
Highlight the role played by the MPLAD scheme in creating community assets based on local needs. Also discuss the issues associated with it.
MPLAD is a Central Sector Scheme, announced in 1993, with an objective to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature, primarily in their Constituencies. Role in creating community assets: The developmental work emphasize upon creation of durable community assets in field of drinking water, primary education, public health, sanitation and roads, etc. It can ..
Topics: 033 - Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States • 034 - Major Issues Pertaining to Federal Structure • 035 - Devolution of Powers and Finances Up to Local Levels • 038 - Parliament and State Legislatures in India
The restriction on states’ operational freedom to function within their jurisdiction has resulted in lack of a conducive environment to promote cooperate federalism. Elucidate.
The Constitution provides for inter-state councils which serve as a platform for consultation as well as serve the foundation for cooperative federalism between centre and states. The 14th Finance commission also recommended a substantially higher share of tax revenue to states to strengthen their autonomy and also recommended the role of inter-state council be reactivated. ..
It has been more than two decades since the passing of the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments had been passed, according constitutional status to the local bodies across the country. With bureaucratic hassles and delays, the important of local bodies cannot be discounted as they play an important role in the delivery of public services ..