044 - Development Processes and Development Industry in India

To achieve the goal of $5 trillion economy, it is imperative to put primary focus on private investments. Discuss. Also, highlight the steps taken by government to boost private investments.

The GDP of any country is dependent on four engines of growth, viz, consumption, government expenditure, private investment, and trade. As per classical economics theories, the savings in an economy turns into investment which turns into growth. But as per the recent economic survey, it has been found that the Investments create growth in an ..

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Asset monetization is imperative to achieve the goal of $5 trillion economy and fund India’s massive infrastructure needs. In the light of above statement, critically discuss the need of national monetization pipeline. Also discuss the issues that need to be addressed for its success.

Government of India has announced National monetization pipeline for asset monetization. Asset monetization refers to deriving value from public assets through means such as leasing (TOT model), selling dysfunctional assets, PPP investments, etc. Need for asset monetization in India: Harnessing the potential of public infrastructure lying idle, e.g. less-used airports, roads, etc. Financing our massive ..

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In view of the importance of Blue Economy to New India Vision 2030, delineate the distribution of key ocean minerals that can help India realize its potential.

Blue economy refers to the economic value & potential associated with oceans & ocean ecosystem. Importance to New India Vision 2030: Sustainable livelihood opportunities. E.g., Fishermen, Sea farers, etc. Sustainable tourism – Boost India’s soft power & cultural richness. Vast reserve of minerals – Energy security & boost to Atmanirbhar Bharat. Distribution of key ocean ..

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India has a very high potential for startups, however, there has been limited success because of various challenges. Discuss.

There is no common definition for startups in India, however, the Income Tax Act defines startups as those companies, that are registered for less than 10 years and have a total turnover not exceeding 100 crores in any of these years. India is a young country with an average age of around 28-29 years. Thus, ..

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Foreign capital is very important for a developing country like India, however there are various concerns associated with it. Discuss.

Foreign Capital refers to sources of capital and investment, which have their origin outside India. Various sources of foreign capital: Foreign direct investment. Foreign institutional investment. Loans and grants from multilateral institutions. Foreign bank deposits in the Indian financial system. Foreign capital not only brings Forex but also brings investment, employment, skills, technology, and innovation ..

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It is time to democratize the science by focusing on the problems of the surrounding environment. Discuss

India which is a land of diversity is facing many challenges ranging from managing floods and droughts to designing better timetables for city buses or developing biodegradable paints for Ganapati idol makers. Addressing Surrounding Problems The primary responsibility of solving them lies with scientists and bureaucrats. The systematic study of these problems and their solutions ..

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