Amber Box Subsidies: Issues Around AMS and Recent India-China Proposal

Recently, in a joint proposal submitted to the World Trade Organisation (WTO), India and China have called for elimination of trade-distorting farm subsidies given by developed countries as a prerequisite for consideration of other reforms in domestic support negotiations. This proposal made by India and China is viewed as important in view of the ongoing […]


The GATS Four Modes

The GATS distinguishes between four modes of supplying services: cross-border trade, consumption abroad, commercial presence, and presence of natural persons. They have been defined as follows: The Four Modes of Services Trade under GATS  Mode 1: Cross-border supply  Cross-border supply is defined to cover services flows from the territory of one Member into the territory […]