Brief History of Climate Change Negotiations

Earth Summit 1992 was the first major global summit on environment held June 1992 at Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro. Outcome of this summit were five documents viz. Rio Declaration, Agenda 21, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Forest Principles and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). Rio Declaration The Rio Declaration consisted of […]


Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

The Government of India has recently submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Background The earliest notion of INDCs had come into the 2013 COP-19 held at Warsaw, Poland. In that conference, the governments around the world, “who were willing to do so”, were invited to […]