Integral Humanism of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya (1916-68) was one of the founders of the Jana Sangh, which later became the Bhartiya Janta Party. He has been the source of ideological guidance and moral inspiration for the Bhartiya Janata Party since its inception. He advocated the doctrine of Integral humanism, which was adopted by the Jana Sangh in 1965 and later […]


Three Levels of Morality as Studied by Kohlberg

Lawrence Kohlberg stressed that moral development primarily involves moral reasoning and occurs in stages. A key concept in understanding progression through the levels and stages is that their morality becomes more internal or mature. That is, their reasons for their moral decisions or values begin to go beyond the external or superficial reasons they gave […]

Kant’s three postulates of morality

The three postulates of morality are given by Immanuel Kant. They have been discussed as below: Immortality of the Soul Kant states in his critique, “the belief in God and another world is so interwoven with my moral sentiment.” The postulate of immortality was that the belief in immortality has to be based on the moral […]

Kant’s view on the origin and importance of moral knowledge

Kant laid the foundations in Critique of Pure Reason (1781) about moral of knowledge. It stated about the moral of knowledge as one of the two things that filled his mind with new and increasing admiration, apart from the starry heaven above him. Kant tried to show that both the laws of nature and morality are […]

Kant’s notion of Good Will

According to Kant, the one unconditionally good thing is a good will despite all encroachments. When we act, consequences of our actions lies beyond our control, but the will behind the action can be controlled. People with good will often accomplish good deeds, but producing beneficial outcomes is not what makes a good will good. […]