Difference between White Cement and Ordinary Portland Cement

White Portland cement is made from raw materials containing little or no iron or manganese, the substances that give conventional cement its gray color. So the secret of the White cement is raw material. Apart from that only whitest chalk is used together with light colored sand in production of white cement. White cement production […]

Slurry and Clinker in Cement Making

Limestone (CaCO3) in 3 parts, and Clay in 1part are the raw material to make cement. These are mixed, grinded and water is added to make “slurry”. This slurry is heated to 1400-1500°C in rotary kiln. At 1000°C, the CaCO3 breaks into Quick Lime (CaO) and CO2. CaO reacts with Silica (SiO2), Alumina (Al2O3) and […]

Basic Facts About Cement

Portland Cement was discovered by Joseph Aspdin in 1824. He called it Portland cement because what he discovered resembled the limestone found in Portland. Historical Facts In 1904, a small cement factory South India Industrial Ltd. was established in Madras in 1904. The first large scale cement manufacturing company was Indian Cement Company Ltd. that […]

Petroleum, Chemicals & Petrochemical Investment Regions (PCPIR)

Petroleum, Chemicals & Petrochemical Investment Regions (PCPIRs) policy was launched in 2007 to promote investment in Petroleum and Petrochemical sector. Salient Features of PCPIR Policy PCPIR is a delineated area of around 250 sq km for setting up manufacturing facilities for domestic and export oriented production. It has production units, public utilities, logistics, environmental protection mechanisms, […]

National Food Grid

The NDA government had proposed to develop a National Food Grid. The idea first came forward in July 2014 as an announcement by the food processing industries minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal. In December 2014, the minister launched first ever such report titled “Fruits & Vegetables Availability Maps of India Booklet” focusing on the availability of […]

Forward and Backward Linkages in Food Processing Industry

Not only food processing industry but for any kind of business, there are two different kinds of linkages between the economic activities viz. backward linkages and forward linkages. For an industry, backward linkages are directed towards suppliers; while the forward linkages are directed towards consumers. We take an example of a steel mill here. To […]

Upstream and Downstream Industries in Food Processing

With reference to Food Processing / agro-processing industries, the Upstream industries are engaged in the initial processing of agricultural commodities. The common examples are rice and flour milling; leather tanning; cotton ginning; oil pressing, fish canning etc. The upstream industry is dedicated to extraction of raw material for manufacturing use. It also includes procurement of […]

Food Processing Industry in India

The size of India’s food processing industry in 2012 was around $160 billion. This is estimated to be  around $260 billion in 2015, registering around 8% growth every year. The Industry is broadly divided into six segments viz. Fruits and vegetables; Milk and milk products; Meat and poultry; Marine products; Grain processing and Consumer food. […]

Efforts of UPA Government to Increase Urea Production in India

In 2010-11, India consumed around 31 Million tonnes of Urea, out of which 22 million tonnes was produced at home and rest 8 million tonnes was imported. Urea demand during 2017-18 is projected to be about 34 million tonnes and by 2024-25, it is expected to be 38 million tonnes. Ironically, urea is the only […]

NSIC Rapid Incubation Model

NSIC (National Small Industries Corporation), a mini-ratna Government of India enterprise, has developed a unique model of rapid technology incubation for setting up new small enterprises, creating self-employment opportunities by imparting training in entrepreneurship building and skill development to unemployed persons who intend to set up their small enterprises or seek employment opportunities. The objectives […]