Chennai Oil Spill

On January 28, 2017, a collision of two tankers off the Ennore Port near Chennai resulted in leakage of around one tonne of oil into the ocean. Here is a short review of basics. Causes of Oil spills Often oil spills are generally caused by accidents involving tankers, pipelines, refineries, drilling rigs, barges etc.  They […]

National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP)

On June 1, 2016, Prime Minister released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP). This is the first ever national plan for disaster management prepared in the country. The vision of NDMP is to make India disaster resilient, achieve substantial disaster risk reduction, and decrease losses of life, livelihoods and assets, by maximizing the ability to […]

Disaster Management: Forest Fires – Vulnerability, Preparedness and Mitigation

The vulnerability of the Indian forests to fire varies from place to place depending upon the type of vegetation and the climate. The coniferous forest in the Himalayan region comprising of Chir, Fir, Spruce, Deodar etc. is very prone to fire. With respect to Himalayas, we note that lower mountain ranges in Himalaya are more […]

Forest Fires in India: Extent, Reasons and Impacts

As per State of Forests Report 2015, India has forest cover in more than 7 Lakh sq km area which is 21.34% of the total geographical area of the country. India has variety of dense forests in tropical south, Himalayan Mountains and the wet north-east regions. Forest vegetation ranges from tropical evergreen forests {Western Ghats […]

Chennai Floods 2015

In November and December 2015, the annual North-East monsoon generated heavy rainfall in south India causing floods along the Coromandel Coast in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Pondicherry. Chennai and surrounding area were hardly hit by these floods. These floods caused displacement of around 18 Lakh people and claimed lives of around 500. The El-Nino […]

Kosi River Floods

Kosi River is known as Bihar’s sorrow. Almost every year, the river is subject to floods affecting around 20 thousand km² area of fertile lands in Bihar. During floods, its average water flow multiples by as much as 18 times of average water flow, thus creating havoc for the rural economy of Bihar. It caused […]

Disaster Preparedness

Disaster preparedness is defined as a continuous and integrated process involving a wide range of activities and multi-sectoral resources.  Preparedness pays when done well. In order that disaster preparedness is undertaken with rewarding outcomes, those involved in the process must approach it from a mitigative, response, recovery and business continuity perspective of the Disaster Management […]

Understanding Hazard in Disaster Management

A Hazard is a threat and future source of danger and has potential to cause harm to man, human activities, properties and environment in future.  The earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, cyclones, floods, landslides, accidents and other such events are examples of natural or manmade hazards.  The hazards represent the “potential” to harm rather than the “harm” […]

India’s Bioterrorism Preparedness

Bioterrorism is Intentional & deliberate release of biological agents (bacteria, viruses, or toxins) to cause mass illness or death of people, animals, or plants. It is said that if the 20th century was the century of physics, the 21st century will be the century of biology. Thus, Bioterrorism is posed to be the next possible threat the […]

Uttarakhand Floods 2013

In June 2013, the hills of Uttarakhand were subjected to unusual intense rainfall (370 Millimetres recorded at Dehradun).  Instances of such extreme precipitation of 370 millimetres or more have been witnessed in July, August and September and also in January, April and May, but never in June. It was the high amount of rainfall that […]