Climate Change

Climate Risk Index, 2019

The Climate Risk Index (CRI) is prepared by Germanwatch, a non-profit organisation based in Bonn, Germany. Germanwatch seeks to influence public policy on trade, the environment, and relations between countries in the industrialized north and underdeveloped south. The Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). The index […]


Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on Indian Monsoon

Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) also known as Indian Nino is an irregular oscillation of sea-surface temperature, in which the Western Indian Ocean becomes alternately warmer and then colder than the eastern part of the ocean. Positive IOD During the Positive IOD, the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean off Sumatra in Indonesia becomes colder than normal while the western tropical […]

Climate Forcing and Radiation Balance of Earth

Earth’s climate system includes Oceans, Land surface, Cryosphere (polar ice), Biosphere and Atmosphere. This system evolves in time as per influences of its own internal dynamics. However, external factors also may affect the climate. Any external force / factor that can become a cause of climate change is called Climate Forcing. Such forcing originates from […]

Climate-smart agriculture

Elucidate the concept of climate smart agriculture? Why it is important for country like India and how it can be achieved?

National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture

Under the National Action Plan on Climate Change, India has launched a dedicated National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) to define its strategies for climate mitigation and adaptation within the agriculture sector. Emission by Agriculture Sector Agriculture is responsible for around 14% of global emissions. If the emissions from the agriculture are combined with the […]