Union Budget 2021-2022- Summary
The 2021-22 Union Budget was presented amid the COVID-19 pandemic on February 1, 2021. Since the 2020 budget, the Indian economy have reduced from 2.24 lakh crore nominal GDP to Rs 1.94 lakh crore. This reduction in the size of the economy was due to the lower revenue growth and higher expenditure in the year 2020 because of coronavirus pandemic. The fiscal deficit for 2021-2022 was estimated to be 6.8% of the GDP.
6 PILLARS of the Budget
- Health and Wellbeing
- Physical & Financial Capital, and Infrastructure
- Inclusive Development for Aspirational India
- Reinvigorating Human Capital
- Innovation and R&D
- Minimum Government and Maximum Governance
EXPENDTIURE & DEFICIT
- Estimates of Rs. 34.83 lakh crore BE for expenditure in 2021-2022 including Rs. 5.54 lakh crore as capital expenditure, rest is revenue expenditure
- The fiscal deficit in BE 2021-2022 is estimated to be 6.8% of GDP.
- Reducing tax Disputes, Simplifying Settlement: Time limit for re-opening cases reduced to 3 years from 6 years. Serious tax evasion cases, with evidence of concealment of income of Rs. 50 lakh or more in a year, to be re-opened only up to 10 years, with approval of the Principal Chief Commissioner
- Capital market watchdog Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) will be the designated regulator for gold exchanges
- Incentivising Digital Economy: Limit of turnover for tax audit increased to Rs. 10 crores from Rs. 5 crores for entities carrying out 95% transactions digitally
- Late deposit of employee’s contribution by the employer not to be allowed as deduction to the employer
- Eligibility for tax holiday claim for start-ups extended by one more year.
- Capital gains exemption for investment in start-ups extended till 31st March, 2022
- Customs Duty on some parts of mobiles increased to 2.5% from ‘nil’ rate
- Customs Duty reduced uniformly to 7.5% on semis, flat, and long products of non-alloy, alloy, and stainless steels
- Customs Duty on steel scrap exempted up to 31st March, 2022
- Basic Customs Duty (BCD) on caprolactam, nylon chips and nylon fiber & yarn reduced to 5%
- Tunnel boring machine to now attract a customs duty of 7.5%; and its parts a duty of 2.5%
- Customs duty on cotton increased from nil to 10% and on raw silk and silk yarn from 10% to 15%.
- Rs 1,75,000 crores to be raised from stake sale in public sector companies and financial institutions, including 2 PSU banks and one general insurance company, in the next fiscal year beginning April 1
- An outlay of Rs. 64,180 crores over 6 years for PM AatmaNirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana – a new centrally sponsored scheme to be launched, in addition to NHM (National Health Mission)
- Rs 35,000 cr allocation for Covid vaccination
- Jal Jeevan Mission (urban) will be launched with an aim to provide tap water connections to 2.86 crore households
- The Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 would be implemented over five years — from 2021 to 2026 — on an outlay of ₹1.41 lakh crore
- Two new Metro technologies — MetroLite and MetroNeo — would be used in tier-2 cities and the peripheral parts of tier-1 cities to provide connectivity at a lower cost compared to conventional Metro systems.
- Vehicle scrapping policy to phase out old and unfit vehicles
- All vehicles to undergo fitness test in automated fitness centres every 20 years for personal vehicles and every 15 years for commercial vehicles.
- 1.97 lakh crore in next 5 years for PLI (Production Linked Incentive) scheme in 13 Sectors to create and nurture manufacturing global champions for an AatmaNirbhar Bharat
- Under Mega Investment Textiles Parks (MITRA) scheme, 7 Textile Parks to be established over 3 years
- 20,000 crores allocated to set up and capitalise a Development Financial Institution (DFI) – to act as a provider, enabler and catalyst for infrastructure financing
- 1,10,055 crores allocated of which Rs. 1,07,100 crores are for capital expenditure
- In 2021-22, the govt. expects its revenue receipts from the Railways, including passenger, goods, other coaching and sundry other heads, to be about ₹2.17 lakh crore as against ₹1.46 lakh crore in 2020-21 (revised estimate).
- National Hydrogen Mission to be launched to generate hydrogen from green power sources
- Increase the permissible limit for Foreign Direct Investment for insurance companies to 74% from 49% and allow foreign ownership and control with safeguards
- Stressed Asset Resolution: Asset Reconstruction Company Limited and Asset Management Company to be set up
- Recapitalization of PSBs: Rs. 20,000 crores in 2021-22 to further consolidate the financial capacity of PSBs
- Easing compliance requirement of small companies by revising their definition under Companies Act, 2013 by increasing their thresholds for paid up capital from “not exceeding Rs. 50 Lakh” to “not exceeding Rs. 2 Crore” and turnover from “not exceeding Rs. 2 Crore” to “not exceeding Rs. 20 Cr”.
- Agricultural credit target enhanced to Rs. 16.5 lakh crore in 2021-22 – animal husbandry, dairy, and fisheries to be the focus areas
- 5 major fishing harbours – Kochi, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Paradip, and Petuaghat to be developed as hubs of economic activity
- State-run Agricultural Produce Marketing Committees (APMCs) can now access the ₹1 lakh crore Agriculture Infrastructure Fund (AIF).
- Income on Provident Fund contributions of more than ₹2.5 lakh a year, usually made on a voluntary basis by employees, to be taxed.
- Relief to Senior Citizens: Exemption from filing tax returns for senior citizens over 75 years of age and having only pension and interest income; tax to be deducted by paying bank
- ₹50,000 crore earmarked over five years for the creation of a National Research Foundation (NRF) — an umbrella body that is expected to fund research across a range of disciplines, from science and technology to humanities.
- Legislation to be introduced to setup Higher Education Commission of India as an umbrella body with 4 separate vehicles for standard-setting, accreditation, regulation, and funding
- Central University to come up in Leh, Ladakh.
Category: Economy & Banking Current Affairs - 2022
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