December 27: International Day of Epidemic Preparedness

The International Day of Epidemic Preparedness is observed on December 27, every year in a bid to raise public awareness on epidemics on all levels and prepare for future outbreaks.


  • United Nations and the World Health Organisation (WHO) had declared December 27 as International Day for Epidemic Preparedness in the light that, major infectious diseases and epidemics have devastating effects on human lives.
  • It also hinders the long-term social and economic growth.
  • Global health crisis, such as ongoing covid-19 pandemic, also threatens to swamp the overburdened health systems and cause disproportionate devastation to world economies by disrupting global supply chains.
  • Thus, the day is observed to raise awareness about the epidemics.

History of the Day

The International Day of Epidemic Preparedness was first commemorated on December 27, 2020.

Views of different organisations

  • In the year 2020, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had emphasised on the significance of advocating for epidemic preparedness, prevention, and collaboration against epidemics.
  • According to United Nations, to have most suitable response to any future challenge, it is important to learn lessons on epidemic management and apply them to strengthen epidemic prevention.
  • United Nations also emphasises on the importance of collaboration and cooperation between all international organisations, among communities and individuals, in order to combat a pandemic like COVID-19.
  • According to WHO, there is an urgent need is to invest in systems which can assist detect, prevent, and respond to outbreaks threatening the health systems, supply chains, and livelihoods.
  • The UN also seeks to popularise the One Health approach, which in turn encourages the integration of human, plant, and animal health.




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