IAS General Studies Prelims Question No. 54

A banana skin turn black after a few days, even when the banana is kept in the refrigerator. Why?
[A] Enzymatic reactions are NOT stopped, Ethylene production is Stopped
[B] Enzymatic reactions are stopped but Ethylene production is NOT stopped
[C] Both Enzymatic reactions and Ethylene production are stopped
[D] Both Enzymatic reactions and Ethylene production are NOT stopped
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[B] Enzymatic reactions are stopped but Ethylene production is NOT stopped
The green skin of banana contains a gaseous plant hormone, ethylene, which diffuses into the fruit and hastens the process of ripening. It is yellow when the fruit is ripe and turns black with the production of more and more ethylene. The large number of enzymes of Kreb’s cycle convert citric acid, mallic acid and oxalic acid into glucose in a banana, to make it sweet during the process of ripening. When the banana is kept in the refrigerator, the enzymatic reactions are stopped by the cold but the production of ethylene hormone continues. This turns its skin black.

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