GS-III: Storage Transport and Marketing of Agricultural Produce Related Issues


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                                                                                                1. Why there is a need to pass public procurement laws in India?
                                                                                                2. What are the reasons for price meltdown in the ongoing rabi marketing season? Explain in brief the issues with PM-AASHA.
                                                                                                3. Global competitiveness needs to be improved in context of Indian agriculture. Analyze
                                                                                                4. There is also a point of view that agriculture produce market committees (APMCs) set up under the state acts have not only impeded the development of agriculture but also have been the cause of food inflation in India. Critically examine.
                                                                                                5. "Despite of implementing several crop insurance schemes, farmers are yet to get enough protection from risks in farming."What are the common challenges faced in increasing crop insurance penetration in India? Discuss.
                                                                                                6. To what extent the Pradhanmantri Fasal Bima Yojana has addressed the shortcomings of the previous crop insurance models? Discuss critically.
                                                                                                7. Crop insurance schemes have divided India into two parts viz. the states with under-penetration and the states with high penetration. While elucidating the reasons for this divide, critically examine its implications.
                                                                                                8. How electronic national agriculture market(e-NAM) is different from existing agricultural marketing? What are the pre-requisites for states to implement e-NAM?
                                                                                                9. While highlighting the key problems in India's farm exports, outline contours of agricultural export promotion policy for India.
                                                                                                10. In what respects, India's food value chain is different from more established markets around the world? Discuss.
                                                                                                11. What are the flaws in the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) Act that are adversely affecting both the producer and consumers? Discuss the control measures formulated by the agriculture ministry under the Model APMC Act, 2017 to combat the problem.
                                                                                                12. How different is DBT in fertilizers when compared to other DBT schemes of government? What are the challenges of DBT in fertilizers?
                                                                                                13. Why government has taken decision to stop the imports of the GM soybean?
                                                                                                14. From 1990s onwards, the share of farm exports in India's total exports has gone down gradually. Analyze the reasons for the same
                                                                                                15. Both demand and supply of agriculture produce are inelastic."Explain throwing light on importance of agricultural marketing in India.
                                                                                                16. "Agricultural produce undergoes a series of exchanges from one hand to another before it finally reaches the consumer."With this reference discuss the facilities needed for efficient agricultural marketing?
                                                                                                17. What do understand by Contract Farming? Discuss the provisions made in APMC act for promotion of Contract Farming in India.
                                                                                                18. Why is that despite numerous benefits, the organic farming is not a priority in India? Discuss the issues and challenges.
                                                                                                19. Agriculture sector cannot become resilient unless various risks in agriculture are reduced, profitability is increased and stable income flows to farmers is ensured. Enumerate various reforms in agriculture India needs towards these issues.
                                                                                                20. What do you understand by the so called trade distorting subsidies? What is India's stance on such subsidies? Discuss while highlighting India's recent activities in WTO regarding these.
                                                                                                21. What are the ecological and economical challenges faced by Indian agriculture today? Discuss critically.
                                                                                                22. While analyzing the threats caused by Agri-piracy and Bio-piracy on Indian Economy, discuss the taken so far as well as proposed measures towards handling these threats.
                                                                                                23. What are the roles and functions of the Farmers Producers Organisations?
                                                                                                24. What measures have been taken by the government to tackle spike in onion prices?
                                                                                                25. RCEP is opposed vehemently from the dairy sector. What are the concerns of the dairy industry against the RCEP deal?
                                                                                                26. The government has announced the TOP Scheme similar to AMUL model to protect interests of both consumers and producers. What are the challenges in modeling the TOP scheme on the lines of AMUL model?
                                                                                                27. A way out to strengthen the price volatility in the prices of Tomato, Onions and Potato is strengthening TOP Scheme. Discuss
                                                                                                28. What are the features of the DBT scheme introduced for the fertilizers? How it is different from the earlier subsidy transfer scheme?
                                                                                                29. What are the data captured in the Livestock census? What are the findings of the recent livestock census report?
                                                                                                30. Is the new seeds Bill titled against farmers’ interests and is in favour of seed companies ? Discuss.
                                                                                                31. There is an utmost need for an appropriate institutional design, incentives and market infrastructure to integrate digital technologies with agri-value chains. Comment.
                                                                                                32. Promotion of secondary agriculture
                                                                                                33. There are several issues that are plaguing the crop procurement process in India. Discuss the measures to strengthen crop procurement in India.
                                                                                                34. It has been argued that shifting from traditional agriculture to e-Agriculture and the use of ICT tools can transform the agriculture scenario in India. Discuss, along with initiatives taken in this regard.
                                                                                                35. Farm loan waivers are neither adequate nor recommended for promoting sustained agricultural growth. Analyze.
                                                                                                36. Despite its importance, agricultural marketing faces various institutional and infrastructural-related issues in India. Elaborate. Also, discuss the measures that have been taken in this context.
                                                                                                37. Discuss the challenges faced by jute industry in India. What are the steps taken by the government to address these challenges?
                                                                                                38. Indian agriculture needs to move towards GM food crops, in order to ensure the food security of the country. Critically examine in context of concerns raised towards introduction of GM crops.
                                                                                                39. India’s policy of price intervention in the agricultural sector has done more harm than benefit. It has created a skewed agricultural market and complicated matters related to international trade rules. Critically discuss.
                                                                                                40. Right marketing strategies and an efficient supply chain are imperative to make India a global food supply leader. Elucidate.
                                                                                                41. A barrier-free trade of the agriculture produce is essential in doubling farmer’s incomes. The farm laws that are taken back were a right step to tackle the bottlenecks. Critically analyze.
                                                                                                42. Despite agriculture increasingly becoming a female activity in India, only a very small amount of land owners are women. Identify the hurdles in giving women land rights and the measures needed to tackle it.
                                                                                                43. Highlight the issues faced by the agricultural marketing system in India.
                                                                                                44. Analyze the importance of farmer producer organizations (FPOs) for betterment of agricultural sector and farmers in India.
                                                                                                45. There are several issues associated with the storage and management of food grains in India. Enumerate the steps taken by government in this regard.
                                                                                                46. An overhaul of Agro-R&D is imperative for fulfilling of India’s obligations of doubling farmer’s income. Comment.
                                                                                                47. The negative consequences of input-intensive and unsustainable agricultural practices in India can be nullified by transitioning to Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA). Discuss.
                                                                                                48. Mega food parks could have been a game changer for the food processing sector in India, however they have not been able to achieve their potential so far. Discuss.
                                                                                                49. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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