Salient Features Significant Provisions of Constitution


                                                                                                          This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                        1. Though the federal principle is dominant in our Constitution and that principle is one of its basic features, but it is equally true that federalism under the Indian Constitution leans in favour of a strong Centre, a feature that militates against the concept of strong federalism. Discuss.
                                                                                                        2. What do you understand by the concept "freedom of speech and expression"? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss.
                                                                                                        3. Compare the social and political impacts of fifth and sixth schedule of Constitution under which tribal areas of India are governed. Why there have been demands to move some fifth schedule areas to sixth schedule? Discuss Critically.
                                                                                                        4. "India's expatriate community has been long demanding the facility to cast their vote from abroad."Examine the issue and current policy stance of the Government. Why such rights have not been given to domestic migrants? Discuss.
                                                                                                        5. Jagmohan Dalmiya is truly known as "India's Kerry Packer."Explain.
                                                                                                        6. "Although Right to Privacy has not been mentioned explicitly in Part-III of the constitution, yet it has established itself as a fundamental right enforceable against state."Explain.
                                                                                                        7. Enumerate the fundamental rights pertaining to religious freedom in Constitution of India. Do you agree with the view that Freedom of religion implies freedom to change religion also? Give reasons.
                                                                                                        8. The implicit fundamental rights in the constitution have been subject to judicial scrutiny time and again. Discuss the issues surrounding the "Right to Privacy" while giving reference to relevant constitutional articles and other such legal instruments.
                                                                                                        9. Explain the provisions of Article 105 of the Indian Constitution. Does it provide any special immunity to the Members of Parliament outside the parliament also? Discuss while highlighting its significance.
                                                                                                        10. Restrictions on fundamental right to privacy must be just, reasonable and fair and should be for the larger good of the society and empowerment of people. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                        11. The very demand for a Universal Civil Code (UCC) for a composite country such as India is deeply misguided. Comment critically.
                                                                                                        12. Do you agree with the argument that the Anti-defection law violates the right to free speech? Highlight the key issues related to law and suggest reforms.|
                                                                                                        13. "The constitution of India has kept adjusting itself to the requirements of Indian society without losing its identity and sanctity." Verify the statement citing appropriate examples.
                                                                                                        14. Discuss the possible implications of replacing the words "all minorities" in Article 30 of the Constitution with words "all sections of citizens having distinct language or religion".
                                                                                                        15. What constitution gives with one hand, it takes away with other. Critically discuss with reference to fundamental rights in Indian Constitution.
                                                                                                        16. What are "minority institutions"? How are they different from other institutions? Discuss in the light of constitutional provisions.
                                                                                                        17. What are the values that you learn from Indian Constitution? Discuss.
                                                                                                        18. Explain the salient features of the Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016. Do you think it is efficacious enough to remove cascading effects of taxes and provide for common national market for goods and services?
                                                                                                        19. "The adoption of universal adult franchise in the Indian Constitution has allowed unscrupulous and criminal elements to manipulate their way to power, and thus is the biggest bane of Indian politics." To what extent do you agree with this view? Give arguments.
                                                                                                        20. Many argue that the British system of democracy is not suited to India. Do such arguments have sound logic? How do you counter such arguments? Discuss.
                                                                                                        21. Discuss the constitutional provisions that ensure non-discrimination against any State by the Centre.
                                                                                                        22. What is the mandate of Article 312 in the constitution with respect to delegated legislation? Discuss while highlighting what system is in place in India for scrutinizing the delegated legislation.
                                                                                                        23. Discuss the key landmarks related to fundamental rights from 1928 Nehru Report onward till recent times.
                                                                                                        24. What are the major hindrances to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform as envisaged by constitution in fundamental duties? Discuss with suitable examples.
                                                                                                        25. Is there a provision in Indian constitution for Uniform Civil Code? Explain the Pros and cons of the Uniform Civil Code.
                                                                                                        26. Explain in detail the provisions of the Article 370 and Article 371A.
                                                                                                        27. What is the constitutional position of Directive Principles of State Policy? How has it been interpreted by the judiciary after the emergency in 1975-77?
                                                                                                        28. What are the main differences between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and other Legislative Bills?
                                                                                                        29. Discuss the Constitutional provisions regarding the rights of children.
                                                                                                        30. Why India needs a Simple Language Commission?
                                                                                                        31. To safeguard and uphold the freedom of speech and expression in India, it is imperative to adequately reform colonial laws that curtail free speech. Discuss.
                                                                                                        32. In India, both Centre and States have misused the provision of issuing ordinances, even though it amounts to seizing the legislative powers by the executive. Critically examine.
                                                                                                        33. The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has played an important role in tackling the issues faced by scheduled castes in India, but there is a need to strengthen it for the betterment of Scheduled Castes. Elaborate.
                                                                                                        34. In context of using discretionary powers, the scope for the governor is higher than that of the President of India. Comment.
                                                                                                        35. Election manifesto helps to understand the priorities of a political party and it enables the voter to make informed choices. In this context the election manifesto needs to be regulated. Comment.
                                                                                                        36. The present constitution of India is a blend of spirit of Indian freedom struggle and various administrative provisions during the British rule in India. Elaborate.
                                                                                                        37. The Panchayati Raj institutions (PRIs) have not been able to achieve the objectives for which they were given constitutional status even after 30 years. Enumerate the reasons behind the problem and suggest measures to tackle it.
                                                                                                        38. A written constitution is necessary but not sufficient condition to ensure constitutionalism. In this context, highlight provisions of Indian constitution that ensures constitutionalism.
                                                                                                        39. Despite federalism being the part of the basic structure of constitution, Indian model of federalism leans in favour of a strong centre. Discuss.
                                                                                                        40. The preamble to the Indian constitution cannot be regarded as a source of any prohibition or limitation. Discuss in the context of various judgements of the Supreme Court.
                                                                                                        41. It has been observed on many occasions that the Right to freedom of religion often clashes with the right to equality and individual dignity. Discuss in the light of constitutional provisions and recent judicial pronouncements.
                                                                                                        42. Despite various laws to prevent criminalization of politics in India, the entry of people with criminal antecedents in politics is still prevalent. In the light of several judicial pronouncements related to this, suggest some remedial measures.
                                                                                                        43. Keeping in view the poor performance of India in the World Press Freedom Index (WPFI), elucidate the importance of media for a democracy. Also, identify the issues affecting media in contemporary times and suggest measures to address them.
                                                                                                        44. The parliamentary privileges in India are uncodified and this has led to their use for purposes other than they were intended for. In the light of this, examine the need for their codification.
                                                                                                        45. It is argued by some that the office of Governor needs to be abolished as it has outlived its relevance. Critically examine in the context of India.
                                                                                                        46. Comment in comparative perspective on the amendability of the Indian constitution as a mix of rigidity and flexibility.
                                                                                                        47. The Anti-Defection Law (ADL) has been violated and misinterpreted time and again. Suggest measures to strengthen the Anti-Defection Law.
                                                                                                        48. The Right to Information Act, 2005 has been diluted by the recent amendments and undermined the authority of information commissioners. Critically analyze.
                                                                                                        49. Highlighting the process of delimitation in India, throw some light on the debate surrounding it in India.
                                                                                                        50. Article 22, despite being a fundamental right, has some parts which pose as ‘fundamental dangers’. Examine the above statement in the light of debate surrounding preventive detention laws in India.
                                                                                                        51. With reference to the recent Election Commission’s strategy to encourage voting by tracking electoral participation, examine the issue of compulsory voting. What can be done to encourage voters’ participation without compromising voter rights?
                                                                                                        52. In context of the recent tussle between the Governor of Kerala and the State government, explain the doctrine of pleasure.
                                                                                                        53. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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