GS-II: Salient Features Significant Provisions of Constitution


                                                                                                              This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                            1. Explain in detail the provisions of the Article 370 and Article 371A.
                                                                                                            2. What do you understand by the concept "freedom of speech and expression"? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss.
                                                                                                            3. Explain the current procedure of appointment of judges in Higher Judiciary.
                                                                                                            4. There are several petitions filed in Supreme Court of India challenging the constitutional validity of sections 499 and 500 of IPC. Critically examine the issue while keeping Fundamental Rights in focus.
                                                                                                            5. Enumerate the fundamental rights pertaining to religious freedom in Constitution of India. Do you agree with the view that Freedom of religion implies freedom to change religion also? Give reasons.
                                                                                                            6. Can the advice given by the Council of Ministers to the President be inquired into by the courts? Examine the scope and ambit of the exclusion of judicial review mandated by Article 74(2) of the constitution.
                                                                                                            7. The state of J&K has continued its constitutional integration with India although at a very slow pace. Discuss. Why it is said that most important characteristic of this process of constitutional integration is its irreversibility?
                                                                                                            8. The implicit fundamental rights in the constitution have been subject to judicial scrutiny time and again. Discuss the issues surrounding the "Right to Privacy" while giving reference to relevant constitutional articles and other such legal instruments.
                                                                                                            9. Explain the provisions of Article 105 of the Indian Constitution. Does it provide any special immunity to the Members of Parliament outside the parliament also? Discuss while highlighting its significance.
                                                                                                            10. Restrictions on fundamental right to privacy must be just, reasonable and fair and should be for the larger good of the society and empowerment of people. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                            11. Do you agree with the argument that the Anti-defection law violates the right to free speech? Highlight the key issues related to law and suggest reforms.|
                                                                                                            12. "The constitution of India has kept adjusting itself to the requirements of Indian society without losing its identity and sanctity." Verify the statement citing appropriate examples.
                                                                                                            13. Discuss the possible implications of replacing the words "all minorities" in Article 30 of the Constitution with words "all sections of citizens having distinct language or religion".
                                                                                                            14. What are "minority institutions"? How are they different from other institutions? Discuss in the light of constitutional provisions.
                                                                                                            15. While elucidating the Seven Directives by Supreme Court (2006), critically examine why these directives have not been complied with in letter and spirit by any state in the country?
                                                                                                            16. What is section 124A of Indian Penal Code? Do you think the provisions are still relevant in present era of free speech? Discuss.
                                                                                                            17. "The adoption of universal adult franchise in the Indian Constitution has allowed unscrupulous and criminal elements to manipulate their way to power, and thus is the biggest bane of Indian politics." To what extent do you agree with this view? Give arguments.
                                                                                                            18. Discuss the constitutional provisions that ensure non-discrimination against any State by the Centre.
                                                                                                            19. What is the mandate of Article 312 in the constitution with respect to delegated legislation? Discuss while highlighting what system is in place in India for scrutinizing the delegated legislation.
                                                                                                            20. Discuss the key landmarks related to fundamental rights from 1928 Nehru Report onward till recent times.
                                                                                                            21. Are there any rights guaranteed by Indian Constitution as absolute fundamental rights? Argue while emphasizing upon the Right to privacy.
                                                                                                            22. Can Indian courts take notice of conviction of Indian national for offence abroad?
                                                                                                            23. What are the major hindrances to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform as envisaged by constitution in fundamental duties? Discuss with suitable examples.
                                                                                                            24. What constitution gives with one hand, it takes away with other. Critically discuss with reference to fundamental rights in Indian Constitution.
                                                                                                            25. What are the values that you learn from Indian Constitution? Discuss.
                                                                                                            26. Many argue that the British system of democracy is not suited to India. Do such arguments have sound logic? How do you counter such arguments? Discuss.
                                                                                                            27. What is the constitutional position of Directive Principles of State Policy? How has it been interpreted by the judiciary after the emergency in 1975-77?
                                                                                                            28. What are the main differences between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and other Legislative Bills?
                                                                                                            29. Discuss the Constitutional provisions regarding the rights of children.
                                                                                                            30. Is there a provision in Indian constitution for Uniform Civil Code? Explain the Pros and cons of the Uniform Civil Code.
                                                                                                            31. Why India needs a Simple Language Commission?
                                                                                                            32. “The Attorney-General is the chief legal adviser and lawyer of the Government of India.” Discuss.
                                                                                                            33. To safeguard and uphold the freedom of speech and expression in India, it is imperative to adequately reform colonial laws that curtail free speech. Discuss.
                                                                                                            34. In India, both Centre and States have misused the provision of issuing ordinances, even though it amounts to seizing the legislative powers by the executive. Critically examine.
                                                                                                            35. The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has played an important role in tackling the issues faced by scheduled castes in India, but there is a need to strengthen it for the betterment of Scheduled Castes. Elaborate.
                                                                                                            36. In context of using discretionary powers, the scope for the governor is higher than that of the President of India. Comment.
                                                                                                            37. Election manifesto helps to understand the priorities of a political party and it enables the voter to make informed choices. In this context the election manifesto needs to be regulated. Comment.
                                                                                                            38. The present constitution of India is a blend of spirit of Indian freedom struggle and various administrative provisions during the British rule in India. Elaborate.
                                                                                                            39. The Panchayati Raj institutions (PRIs) have not been able to achieve the objectives for which they were given constitutional status even after 30 years. Enumerate the reasons behind the problem and suggest measures to tackle it.
                                                                                                            40. A written constitution is necessary but not sufficient condition to ensure constitutionalism. In this context, highlight provisions of Indian constitution that ensures constitutionalism.
                                                                                                            41. Despite federalism being the part of the basic structure of constitution, Indian model of federalism leans in favour of a strong centre. Discuss.
                                                                                                            42. The preamble to the Indian constitution cannot be regarded as a source of any prohibition or limitation. Discuss in the context of various judgements of the Supreme Court.
                                                                                                            43. It has been observed on many occasions that the Right to freedom of religion often clashes with the right to equality and individual dignity. Discuss in the light of constitutional provisions and recent judicial pronouncements.
                                                                                                            44. Despite various laws to prevent criminalization of politics in India, the entry of people with criminal antecedents in politics is still prevalent. In the light of several judicial pronouncements related to this, suggest some remedial measures.
                                                                                                            45. Keeping in view the poor performance of India in the World Press Freedom Index (WPFI), elucidate the importance of media for a democracy. Also, identify the issues affecting media in contemporary times and suggest measures to address them.
                                                                                                            46. The parliamentary privileges in India are uncodified and this has led to their use for purposes other than they were intended for. In the light of this, examine the need for their codification.
                                                                                                            47. It is argued by some that the office of Governor needs to be abolished as it has outlived its relevance. Critically examine in the context of India.
                                                                                                            48. Comment in comparative perspective on the amendability of the Indian constitution as a mix of rigidity and flexibility.
                                                                                                            49. The Anti-Defection Law (ADL) has been violated and misinterpreted time and again. Suggest measures to strengthen the Anti-Defection Law.
                                                                                                            50. The Right to Information Act, 2005 has been diluted by the recent amendments and undermined the authority of information commissioners. Critically analyze.
                                                                                                            51. Highlighting the process of delimitation in India, throw some light on the debate surrounding it in India.
                                                                                                            52. Article 22, despite being a fundamental right, has some parts which pose as ‘fundamental dangers’. Examine the above statement in the light of debate surrounding preventive detention laws in India.
                                                                                                            53. With reference to the recent Election Commission’s strategy to encourage voting by tracking electoral participation, examine the issue of compulsory voting. What can be done to encourage voters’ participation without compromising voter rights?
                                                                                                            54. In context of the recent tussle between the Governor of Kerala and the State government, explain the doctrine of pleasure.
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