Salient Features of Worlds Physical Geography


                                                                          This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                        1. Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos.
                                                                        2. Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why?
                                                                        3. Why are the world's fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes.
                                                                        4. Population-Resource Regions: Why tropical monsoon region is densely populated in comparison to the equatorial region?
                                                                        5. Discuss the key features of the drainage system of India's north east region while enumerating various rivers and their tributaries.
                                                                        6. Why do the major pressure belts and winds shift pole wards during summer season? Explain.
                                                                        7. If earth was completely solid and homogeneous throughout, how would have the P and S waves behave when they traveled through it? Explain while giving reference to how they actually behave.
                                                                        8. Describe three landforms each created due to (1) endogenous (2) exogenous forces.
                                                                        9. While elucidating their formation, account for the distribution of atolls around the globe within tropical and subtropical waters of oceans and seas.
                                                                        10. Do you agree that the demand for a separate time zone for North East has valid reasons? Looking at India's size, discuss the plausible solution to the problem faced by residents of North East due to IST.
                                                                        11. Both the moist subtropical and moist continental climates are found on eastern sides of continents in the midlatitudes. What are the major factors that determine their temperature and precipitation cycles? How do these two climates differ?
                                                                        12. With suitable examples, discuss the various landforms associated with volcanic activities.
                                                                        13. What is the effect of geographic isolation on speciation? Discuss with suitable examples?
                                                                        14. The Himalayan Foothills abound in natural as well as artificial wetlands." Discuss with suitable examples.
                                                                        15. Describe the main characteristics of natural vegetation in Tropical grasslands and show how it is influenced by climate.
                                                                        16. Discuss the factors that induce Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. What strategies can be adopted to reduce the UHI effect? Explain.
                                                                        17. Draw a map indicating location of tropical rainforests in the world. Discuss their importance to mankind.
                                                                        18. Explain the terms: (1) Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis (2) Dry adiabatic lapse rate and moist adiabatic lapse rate.
                                                                        19. How are cold deserts formed? While giving names of three famous cold deserts in the world, describe their location.
                                                                        20. How are land and sea breezes formed? How these affect the microclimate of the coastal areas? Explain.
                                                                        21. What are the factors affecting the surface temperature of oceans? Discuss the impact of difference in sea surface temperatures of the tropical western and eastern Indian Ocean upon Climate of India.
                                                                        22. Differentiate between "Strait"and "Isthmus". Discuss the location of two straits and two isthmuses while focus on their economic and strategic importance.
                                                                        23. Explain the causes of the Indian Monsoon.
                                                                        24. Had there been no Himalayas, what would have been the winter climate in north India?
                                                                        25. What are the findings of the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate?
                                                                        26. What is El Nino? Has the extreme El Niño become more often?
                                                                        27. Winter Solstice and its Significance
                                                                        28. What are Walker circulations and how does it influence the Indian monsoons?
                                                                        29. What is Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)? Discuss the reasons for recent decline in the AMOC and its associated impact.
                                                                        30. Highlighting the features of equatorial climate, explain why these areas remain largely underdeveloped.
                                                                        31. Explain the formation of tropical cyclones. Also, illustrate the global distribution of these cyclones.
                                                                        32. Explain the process of formation of a rift valley, emphasizing on the Great Rift Valley system.
                                                                        33. How are plateaus formed? Also briefly discuss the features of the Deccan Plateau and its economic significance.
                                                                        34. The third pole of the earth not only important for geographical reasons but also for economic and civilizational aspects of the Indian Subcontinent. Explaining the importance of the region, examine the consequences of its changing features.
                                                                        35. Thunderstorms, lightning and many such events are witnessed during Pre-monsoonal season in India. Explain their formation process and its impact on various regions of India.
                                                                        36. Explain Madden-Julian oscillations and its difference from El-Nino? Discuss its impact on Indian monsoon.
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