Salient Features of the Representation of Peoples Act


                                                                                  This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                1. To what extent, the recent proposal of electoral bonds can help in increasing transparency in political funding in India? Critically examine.
                                                                                2. The concept of electoral bonds has been proposed as a way of reforming election funding. Are there any loopholes in this concept? Critically discuss while suggesting ways to plug those loopholes or alternative ways to clean electoral funding.
                                                                                3. Explain the Supreme Court's verdict in Abhiram Singh Vs C D Commachen & Others case. To what extent this judgment can wipe out identity politics in the country? Critically discuss.
                                                                                4. Many of India's biggest industrial houses have taken advantage of a new law to set up electoral trusts but the transparency in corporate donations to political parties still remains a major issue."" Discuss critically."
                                                                                5. As per Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR)'s report, 77% of total income of two major parties in India is from unknown sources. In this context what is section 29 C of Representation of People's act? How is this legal provision misused to fund political parties anonymously? Suggest measures to ensure transparency in funding ? Also, discuss the possibilities of state funding of elections.|
                                                                                6. At the heart of the case relating to the interpretation of Section 123 of the Representation of People's Act, 1951 (Act), is the issue of free speech. Explain.
                                                                                7. Describe the key changes introduced in process of Rajya Sabha elections via the Representation of People (Amendment) Act of 2003. Why these changes were challenged in court?
                                                                                8. Enumerate the major flaws and possible solution of the anti-defection law. Why it is said that this law fails to safeguard a party member if his or her party president becomes a dictator? Discuss in the light of recent examples.
                                                                                9. In India, the speaker contests election for a seat in parliament on a party ticket and yet is expected to conduct in a non-partisan manner. Has this paradox affected the credibility of speaker's office? Discuss while comparing office of speaker of India with similar offices in UK and United States.
                                                                                10. Why the registered by unrecognized political parties in India are sometimes called "tax havens"? What has been done so far to tackle the uncontrolled growth of such parties? What more needs to be done?
                                                                                11. Farm loan waiver is one of the most populist poll plank in India for political parties because they bring millions of votes to their kitty. However, the cost of such waivers is so huge that it forces the government to cut the social sector spending. Elucidate.
                                                                                12. Examine the key provisions of Electoral Bond Scheme. To what extent is it committed to maintain transparency in political funding? Argue. []
                                                                                13. Explain the constitutional provision of "ordinarily resident"for voting while critically analyzing the the arguments against allowing proxy voting for NRIs.
                                                                                14. Do you think that TV and radio have given an unfair edge to Modi in the Lok Sabha elections?
                                                                                15. Suggest some ways to improve the electoral funding.
                                                                                16. Critically analyse the Role of independent candidates in elections of India.
                                                                                17. Explain in detail the provisions provided in the Indian constitution regarding vacation of seats for simultaneously elected candidates.
                                                                                18. What is the ingredient of the indelible ink used during the process of voting?
                                                                                19. What are the key restrictions imposed by the model code of conduct during elections?
                                                                                20. What is Rule 49MA in context of Indian election system? Elaborate the arguments against the rule.
                                                                                21. What is anti defection law? Discuss the features of the law and other exceptions under it in detail.
                                                                                22. Electoral verdict as delivered in 2019 general elections has shocked and surprised all political pundits. Critically analyse if the verdict of 2019 has demonstrated that the electorates have matured in making political choices.
                                                                                23. For a new party contesting in election, registration as National party is a stepping stone. Discuss the criteria of being a national party and benefits related to this.
                                                                                24. Why do think there are very few women politicians gaining victory in elections in India?
                                                                                25. One Nation One Election is the need of the hour. Critically analyze.
                                                                                26. Differentiate by-elections from normal elections. How does the procedure of election followed in a country affects its political stability?
                                                                                27. The debate on simultaneous elections is useful and could throw up other reforms to cleanse the electoral process. Comment.
                                                                                28. Do you think the anti-defection law is faced with a serious challenge in the last 34 years as it is being grossly ignored? Comment.
                                                                                29. Do you think the concerns raised by the Opposition about the PM�s One nation, One Election are valid? Is One Nation, Two Elections a valid alternative to it? Comment.
                                                                                30. Government should build consensus before pushing ahead partisan agenda. Discuss this in light of one nation one election proposal.
                                                                                31. The electoral Bond scheme is a step that will take away transparency and accountability from electoral funding. Critically analyze.
                                                                                32. Reforms in the Representation of People’s Act is necessary to prevent criminalization of politics in India. Analyze.
                                                                                33. Election manifesto helps to understand the priorities of a political party and it enables the voter to make informed choices. In this context the election manifesto needs to be regulated. Comment.
                                                                                34. Critically analyze the need for amendment in the section 33(7) of the Representation of People Act (RPA), 1951 to restrict candidates from contesting on more than one seat.
                                                                                35. Highlight the institutional challenges faced by the Election Commission of India in dealing with the use of money and muscle power in electoral politics and ensuring free and fair elections.
                                                                                36. Free and fair elections are the cornerstone of our democracy and to ensure it, an Election commission free from any political pressure is of paramount importance. In this context, discuss the need to have a relook at the process of appointment and removal of election commissioners to the ECI.
                                                                                37. Despite various laws to prevent criminalization of politics in India, the entry of people with criminal antecedents in politics is still prevalent. In the light of several judicial pronouncements related to this, suggest some remedial measures.
                                                                                38. The Anti-Defection Law (ADL) has been violated and misinterpreted time and again. Suggest measures to strengthen the Anti-Defection Law.
                                                                                39. Few key reforms are needed in the Representation of Peoples Act to make electoral system of India robust and fair. Discuss in the context of contemporary issues.
                                                                                40. With reference to the recent Election Commission’s strategy to encourage voting by tracking electoral participation, examine the issue of compulsory voting. What can be done to encourage voters’ participation without compromising voter rights?
                                                                                41. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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