GS-I : Salient Features of Indian Society Diversity of India


                                                                                                  This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                1. Towards the end of the previous government�s tenure, a number of bills on social issues were introduced in Parliament. Discuss the issues related to these bills in brief.
                                                                                                2. The life cycle of a joint family depends on economic factors rather than social values. Discuss.
                                                                                                3. The diverse nature of India as a multireligious and multi-ethnic society is not immune to the impact of radicalism which has been in her neighbourhood. Discuss along with the strategies to be adopted to counter this environment.
                                                                                                4. What do you understand by Agama Shastras? What role do they play in religious practices in India? Discuss.
                                                                                                5. While elucidating Article 25 and 26, critically examine the Supreme Court judgement on appointment of archakas (priests) in Tamil Nadu Hindu temples.
                                                                                                6. Should the Government repeal the Section 377 of IPC? Opine.
                                                                                                7. "For a diverse country like India with so much of regional inequality, the concept of competitive federalism seems to be unrealistic."Critically discuss.
                                                                                                8. Despite being a caste ridden society, India has remarkable tradition of caste inter-dependence, which has kept it united for centuries. Discuss.
                                                                                                9. While giving a critical overview of the Government policy, discuss the major challenges towards social inclusion of internal migrants in India ?
                                                                                                10. While caste in politics has done a lot of damage, caste in economics can be a vehicle for India’s development. Explain.
                                                                                                11. "India has a huge variety of soft power resources."Evaluate.
                                                                                                12. Examine the New Education Policy language debate: how can India equitably balance nationalism, federalism and linguistic pluralism?
                                                                                                13. Discuss the trends in Internal Migration in the country.
                                                                                                14. Why the town of Sultanpur Lodhi has attained a prominent place in the Sikh Religion?
                                                                                                15. Comment on the significance of the Government’s decision to review the application of creamy layer principle on Scheduled Castes and Tribes in government jobs.
                                                                                                16. India has failed its disabled population. Critically analyze.
                                                                                                17. Deep-rooted traditions and customs have loosened up their hold with the emergence of globalization. Critically analyze in the context of India.
                                                                                                18. Recent reports and National Family health Surveys have signaled a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Highlighting this shift, Discuss the challenges that it will pose. Also, suggest remedial measures.
                                                                                                19. India has the highest number of endangered languages in the world as per the UNESCO. Discuss the factors that have endangered the native languages. Also highlight the steps taken for their protection and conservation.
                                                                                                20. The idea that public intent data can play a transformative role in the public sector has its own set of challenges. Discuss.
                                                                                                21. Discuss how the structure of caste system in India has undergone a paradoxical change over last few decades.
                                                                                                22. The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has played an important role in tackling the issues faced by scheduled castes in India, but there is a need to strengthen it for the betterment of Scheduled Castes. Elaborate.
                                                                                                23. The merit-based actions against some civil society groups are necessary but some opine it as curb on dissent. Analyze.
                                                                                                24. India’s per capita GDP has grown five times in last two decades, however the income distribution is highly uneven. In this context, discuss the issue of rising inequality in India.
                                                                                                25. Though the situation of women has improved considerably in present India, still various forms of violence against India is still persisting. Discuss the ways to handle this issue effectively.
                                                                                                26. The caste system in India has went through many changes and is still persisting by adapting itself to changing socio-economic and political conditions. Comment.
                                                                                                27. The 103rd constitutional amendment act has been hailed as an important step towards meeting the objectives of social justice in India. Critically examine its relevance.
                                                                                                28. Both Caste and Race are manifestations of a closed system of stratification, but there are important differences between the two. Explain.
                                                                                                29. The idea of preserving linguistic diversity through new education policy is not new to India, rather there is an existing centuries old tradition behind it. Elucidate.
                                                                                                30. There are many problems that have continued to exist in India even after 75 years of independence. However, history has testified India's resilience and it has grown stronger as a nation. Comment.
                                                                                                31. The India as we see today is a result of centuries of migration. In this context, highlight the role of migration in shaping India’s socio-economic structure.
                                                                                                32. Keeping in view the poor performance of India in the World Press Freedom Index (WPFI), elucidate the importance of media for a democracy. Also, identify the issues affecting media in contemporary times and suggest measures to address them.
                                                                                                33. The reasons behind violation of sexual and reproductive rights of women are often deeply engrained in societal values and traditions. Comment.
                                                                                                34. Despite increasing urbanisation in India, the caste-based discrimination has not been annihilated rather it has manifested in different ways. Discuss with examples.
                                                                                                35. Discuss how the taboos and myths surrounding menstruation in India have been detrimental for women in many aspects of socio-cultural life. Suggest measures to combat them.
                                                                                                36. While on one hand the Indian society is mimicking the west, on the other there are attempts to revive the conservative traditional outlook. Comment.
                                                                                                37. Delineate the relationship between social mobility and equality. Highlight the impediments in ensuring it.
                                                                                                38. The idea of population control legislation in India has become irrelevant in the light of demographic changes highlighted by the NFHS-5. Critically examine.
                                                                                                39. The menace of child marriage still persists in India despite various initiatives taken by the government. Examine the reasons and its impact. Also, suggest remedial measures.
                                                                                                40. India has come a long way in ensuring women’s rights to property and inheritance, however there is still much more that needs to be done. Discuss.
                                                                                                41. Discuss the pros and cons of giving SC status to Dalit Muslims and Dalit Christians.
                                                                                                42. Outline the recommendations of the official language committee. What are the implications for the official language debate in India?
                                                                                                43. In the light of the recent Supreme Court order against hate speech, discuss the challenges in fighting hate speech while preserving freedom of speech. What needs to be done?
                                                                                                44. Examine the issues related to child sexual abuse in India. What initiatives India has taken to tackle the issue?
                                                                                                45. In light of the recent debate on Hindi vs English, examine the status of vernacular in India. What are some benefits of using vernacular in education?
                                                                                                46. Why is the Global Hunger Index (GHI) being criticized? What can be done to address this issue?
                                                                                                47. What is the two finger test criticized by the Supreme Court recently? How far would the apex court directive go towards eliminating this practice?
                                                                                                48. Critically examine the rationale behind the recent order from the Punjab government to ban songs that glorify weapons and violence.
                                                                                                49. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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