GS-II: Pressure Groups and Formal Informal Associations


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                                    1. The penetration of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in rural areas in promoting participation in development programmes is facing socio-cultural hurdles. Examine.
                                    2. While analyzing the nature of the party system in India, elucidate the various phases of evolution of political party system in India in the Post-independence era.
                                    3. What makes Self Help Groups (SHGs) the most significant player in empowering women especially in the rural areas? Discuss with suitable examples.
                                    4. Discuss the various functions of Pressure groups while commenting their role on healthy democratic system.
                                    5. NGOs play an important role in uplifting the poorest of the poor in India. However, foreign intrusion in national matters is a genuine threat when it comes to it. Discuss with reference to the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.
                                    6. Discuss the conditions, that in the last few decades, have led to the emergence of a new civil society in urban India. Highlight its contribution in policy change and making governance more effective.
                                    7. Intervention by civil society has played a very important role in making governance transparent and accountable. Discuss in context of India.
                                    8. The local voluntary organizations and NGOs have played an active role in environmental movements in India. They have their own set of advantages and challenges associated with them. Elaborate.
                                    9. Mention the key objective of the foreign contribution Regulation Act (FCRA). The recent amendments in the Act have faced criticism from various sections. Analyse.
                                    10. In the light of several government initiatives and policies to create opportunities for Self Help Groups (SHGs), discuss the challenges that still persist.
                                    11. While the pressure groups play a constructive and positive role in deepening democracy and enhancing liberties, they are often criticized on various grounds. Discuss.
                                    12. Highlight the importance of pressure groups in making the democracy participatory and responsive.
                                    13. Highlight the need to establish an effective and functional relationship between Gram Panchayats and Self Help Groups (SHGs). Also suggest some measures to achieve it.
                                    14. The NGOs and voluntary organizations are important for a vibrant economy. However, their role has come under scanner in recent times. In this context, highlight the need for self-regulatory guidelines and transparency mechanisms to restore the credibility of these organizations.
                                    15. Delineate the differences between pressure groups and interest groups. Elaborate how pressure groups influence government decisions and policy-making in India.
                                    16. Examine the importance of cooperatives in India and discuss the role of the Ministry of cooperation to boost them.
                                    17. Despite the important role played by pressure groups in governance, their credibility is under scanner due to lack of transparency in their representativeness, funding and relationship with the government. Discuss.
                                    18. Despite the role of NGOs in nation’s developmental ethos, it is the constitutional duty of the state to curb the activities of such NGOs which attempts to hamper national development. Discuss.
                                    19. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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