Major Crops Cropping Patterns in Various Parts of India

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                                                                                                      This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                    1. Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water?
                                                                                                    2. In recent years, natural rubber production in India is facing sharp decline. Critically discuss the problems and government efforts made in this direction so far.
                                                                                                    3. Objectively compare the trends in India's food grain production during pre-Green revolution and post-green revolution period.
                                                                                                    4. What do you understand by Agriculture Worker? Critically examine the trend population of agriculture worker in India's total population since independence.
                                                                                                    5. Explain the terms, subsistence farming, commercial farming, Extensive farming, Intensive farming, Plantation farming and Mixed farming.
                                                                                                    6. Explain the various cropping patterns with reference to rice cultivation in India.
                                                                                                    7. "The Rice- Fishing Farming System can not only bring higher crop and water productivity, but has potential to answer the food security question in some areas of the country. Discuss"
                                                                                                    8. Several Rice verities organically grown in water logged coastal regions of Kerala have been provided protection under the Geographical Indications. Discuss with examples.
                                                                                                    9. Coarse cereals have been gradually edged out of the diet basket of Indian's. Critically examine the reasons. In your view, why coarse cereals should be promoted?
                                                                                                    10. In recent years pulses have become the main drivers of food Price inflation in India. Why? What are the main constraints in expanding pulses production in India? Examine.
                                                                                                    11. Critically examine the trend of edible oil in India's international trade. To what extent the policy impetus to oilseed production in India has able to influence this trends. Discuss.
                                                                                                    12. The answer to alarming import dependency in edible oil lies in Oil Palm. Discuss citing major constraints to palm oil production in India.
                                                                                                    13. What do you understand by Roundtable sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and Green Palm. Discuss in light of environmental issues created by constant increase in production and demand of Oil Palm.
                                                                                                    14. What are the major regions of sugarcane production in India? Analyze the shift of sugar industry from Northern to Peninsular India in recent times.
                                                                                                    15. There has been a long pending demand for the complete decontrol of sugar industry. But successive central governments have hesitated to decontrol sugar. Discuss the issue and government policy stance on the same.
                                                                                                    16. What do you understand by sustainable sugar Initiative (SSI)? Discuss its main principles and methods?
                                                                                                    17. China and India produce almost equivalent quantity of cotton, but China is a net importer of cotton; India is a net exporter. Discuss making a case if India should follow China model in its cotton sector.
                                                                                                    18. The British planted Tea not only in Assam but also in other regions as well across Himalaya and Western Ghats. Why sugar plantations seceded in limited areas. Discuss?
                                                                                                    19. Discuss the trends, scope and challenges of India's Tea exports.
                                                                                                    20. "In recent times Nepal's Tea is not only affecting the exports prospects of Darjeeling Tea, but also have in filtered into India's domestic market."Examine the issue.
                                                                                                    21. "Kangra Tea Industry had a golden history but today it is struggling to survive."Discuss throwing light on the measures taken to protect Kangra Tea.
                                                                                                    22. Discuss the cropping pattern in terms of soybean and sugarcane in India. Justify the recent shift of sugarcane farmers to soybean in some parts of India.
                                                                                                    23. Before 1980s, Soybean was not a significant crop in terms of production and is in India. However, today Soybean has become a major export earner. What are the key factors that underpin this exceptional growth? Examine.
                                                                                                    24. For almost three decades – from the later part of XIX century through second decade of the XX century- natural rubber underpinned one of the most important development booms in Brazil."Discuss.
                                                                                                    25. Control of certain raw material assumed an enhanced significance during the Second World War. Elucidate with example of Natural Rubber.
                                                                                                    26. Differentiate between the cropping pattern and cropping system. Examine the key factors that affect Cropping patterns.
                                                                                                    27. "Cropping pattern is a dynamic concept". Discuss
                                                                                                    28. What do you understand by Relay Cropping? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages vis-à-vis other cropping patterns.
                                                                                                    29. "Rice-wheat cropping pattern is cornerstone of India's food security". Discuss critically.
                                                                                                    30. Critically discuss the existing imbalance in the cropping pattern of food grains in India.
                                                                                                    31. Critically examine the key elements of Green Revolution in India, throwing lights on its impact on India's crops and cropping pattern.
                                                                                                    32. Do you agree with the view that the Green Revolution strengthened the linkage between agriculture and industry? Opine.
                                                                                                    33. Examine the labor augmenting the labor displacing element in Green revolution.
                                                                                                    34. How Green Revolution did benefits the farmers? Discuss its drawbacks.
                                                                                                    35. To what extent, it is justified to call Green revolution as an agriculture revolution? Examine.
                                                                                                    36. It has been argued that early part of Green Revolution led to a class polarization in the rural parts of the country. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                    37. "Although Green revolution led to increased production and economic betterment of the well to do farmers, but at several fronts, our political and institutional dispensation failed miserably." Discuss critically.
                                                                                                    38. Barring few pockets, the green revolution virtually bypassed the eastern region of the country despite the fact that it has fertile soil and plenty of water. Explain.
                                                                                                    39. Discuss various phases of Green revolution and their impacts on social economy of India.
                                                                                                    40. First Green Revolution ran out of steam mainly because it was focused only on grain production, with this context; present a conceptual framework upon ushering India into Second Green revolution.
                                                                                                    41. What is BGREI Programme? Evaluate its role in Indian agriculture in recent times.
                                                                                                    42. In recent years, production of fruits and vegetables has overtaken the food grain production in India. While highlighting its growth drivers, discuss the comparative advantage enjoyed by horticulture sector vis-à-vis food grains cultivation in the country.
                                                                                                    43. Discuss the comparative trends in horticulture production vis-i-vis food grains production in India in recent years. Do these trends indicate rise (of fall) in income of cultivators? Discuss.
                                                                                                    44. There has been a paradigm shift in India's economic conditions and cropping patterns in last few decades. Critically discuss why there is an upward trend in horticulture production while downward trend in food grains production? Is it an opportunity or threat?
                                                                                                    45. What are major reasons for declining rice and wheat yield in the cropping system? How crop diversification is helpful to stabilize the yield of crops in the system?
                                                                                                    46. How do subsidies affect the cropping pattern, crop diversity and economy of farmers? What is the significance of crop insurance, minimum support price and food processing for small and marginal farmers?
                                                                                                    47. Discuss the socio-economic and environmental consequences of wheat-paddy cycle becoming the dominant cropping pattern on states in northern India.
                                                                                                    48. Despite huge demand for palm oil, why the the area under cultivation of palm has not increased in India?
                                                                                                    49. What are potential, opportunities and challenges for Floriculture in India?
                                                                                                    50. The Proposal of the government to give fillip to Zero Budget Natural Farming is criticized as a hurried move. What are the concerns of the scientific community against Zero Budget Natural Farming?
                                                                                                    51. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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