GS-III: Major Crops Cropping Patterns in Various Parts of India

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                                                                                                  1. Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water?
                                                                                                  2. In recent years, production of fruits and vegetables has overtaken the food grain production in India. While highlighting its growth drivers, discuss the comparative advantage enjoyed by horticulture sector vis-à-vis food grains cultivation in the country.
                                                                                                  3. Discuss the comparative trends in horticulture production vis-i-vis food grains production in India in recent years. Do these trends indicate rise (of fall) in income of cultivators? Discuss.
                                                                                                  4. While keeping basin of river Cauvery in focus, discus the impact of demography on cropping pattern, water use pattern and land use pattern.
                                                                                                  5. Can interlinking of rivers can help in crop diversification? How?
                                                                                                  6. In recent years, natural rubber production in India is facing sharp decline. Critically discuss the problems and government efforts made in this direction so far.
                                                                                                  7. Objectively compare the trends in India's food grain production during pre-Green revolution and post-green revolution period.
                                                                                                  8. What do you understand by Agriculture Worker? Critically examine the trend population of agriculture worker in India's total population since independence.
                                                                                                  9. Explain the terms, subsistence farming, commercial farming, Extensive farming, Intensive farming, Plantation farming and Mixed farming.
                                                                                                  10. Several Rice verities organically grown in water logged coastal regions of Kerala have been provided protection under the Geographical Indications. Discuss with examples.
                                                                                                  11. Coarse cereals have been gradually edged out of the diet basket of Indian's. Critically examine the reasons. In your view, why coarse cereals should be promoted?
                                                                                                  12. In recent years pulses have become the main drivers of food Price inflation in India. Why? What are the main constraints in expanding pulses production in India? Examine.
                                                                                                  13. Critically examine the trend of edible oil in India's international trade. To what extent the policy impetus to oilseed production in India has able to influence this trends. Discuss.
                                                                                                  14. The answer to alarming import dependency in edible oil lies in Oil Palm. Discuss citing major constraints to palm oil production in India.
                                                                                                  15. What do you understand by Roundtable sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and Green Palm. Discuss in light of environmental issues created by constant increase in production and demand of Oil Palm.
                                                                                                  16. What are the major regions of sugarcane production in India? Analyze the shift of sugar industry from Northern to Peninsular India in recent times.
                                                                                                  17. China and India produce almost equivalent quantity of cotton, but China is a net importer of cotton; India is a net exporter. Discuss making a case if India should follow China model in its cotton sector.
                                                                                                  18. The British planted Tea not only in Assam but also in other regions as well across Himalaya and Western Ghats. Why sugar plantations seceded in limited areas. Discuss?
                                                                                                  19. Discuss the trends, scope and challenges of India's Tea exports.
                                                                                                  20. There has been a long pending demand for the complete decontrol of sugar industry. But successive central governments have hesitated to decontrol sugar. Discuss the issue and government policy stance on the same.
                                                                                                  21. What do you understand by sustainable sugar Initiative (SSI)? Discuss its main principles and methods?
                                                                                                  22. "In recent times Nepal's Tea is not only affecting the exports prospects of Darjeeling Tea, but also have in filtered into India's domestic market."Examine the issue.
                                                                                                  23. "Kangra Tea Industry had a golden history but today it is struggling to survive."Discuss throwing light on the measures taken to protect Kangra Tea.
                                                                                                  24. Discuss the cropping pattern in terms of soybean and sugarcane in India. Justify the recent shift of sugarcane farmers to soybean in some parts of India.
                                                                                                  25. Before 1980s, Soybean was not a significant crop in terms of production and is in India. However, today Soybean has become a major export earner. What are the key factors that underpin this exceptional growth? Examine.
                                                                                                  26. Differentiate between the cropping pattern and cropping system. Examine the key factors that affect Cropping patterns.
                                                                                                  27. What do you understand by Relay Cropping? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages vis-à-vis other cropping patterns.
                                                                                                  28. "Rice-wheat cropping pattern is cornerstone of India's food security". Discuss critically.
                                                                                                  29. Critically discuss the existing imbalance in the cropping pattern of food grains in India.
                                                                                                  30. Critically examine the key elements of Green Revolution in India, throwing lights on its impact on India's crops and cropping pattern.
                                                                                                  31. Do you agree with the view that the Green Revolution strengthened the linkage between agriculture and industry? Opine.
                                                                                                  32. Examine the labor augmenting the labor displacing element in Green revolution.
                                                                                                  33. "Although Green revolution led to increased production and economic betterment of the well to do farmers, but at several fronts, our political and institutional dispensation failed miserably." Discuss critically.
                                                                                                  34. To what extent, it is justified to call Green revolution as an agriculture revolution? Examine.
                                                                                                  35. It has been argued that early part of Green Revolution led to a class polarization in the rural parts of the country. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                  36. First Green Revolution ran out of steam mainly because it was focused only on grain production, with this context; present a conceptual framework upon ushering India into Second Green revolution.
                                                                                                  37. There has been a paradigm shift in India's economic conditions and cropping patterns in last few decades. Critically discuss why there is an upward trend in horticulture production while downward trend in food grains production? Is it an opportunity or threat?
                                                                                                  38. Despite huge demand for palm oil, why the the area under cultivation of palm has not increased in India?
                                                                                                  39. What are potential, opportunities and challenges for Floriculture in India?
                                                                                                  40. The Proposal of the government to give fillip to Zero Budget Natural Farming is criticized as a hurried move. What are the concerns of the scientific community against Zero Budget Natural Farming?
                                                                                                  41. Discuss the significance of the indigenous manufacturing of Calcium Nitrate & Boronated Calcium Nitrate in India.
                                                                                                  42. Throw light on the contribution of agriculture to GHG emissions. Suggest measures that can be undertaken to address the challenges in reducing agriculture’s carbon footprint in India.
                                                                                                  43. Discuss the challenges faced by jute industry in India. What are the steps taken by the government to address these challenges?
                                                                                                  44. Geo-climatic, socio-cultural, economic, historical and political factors are the key determiners of the cropping pattern of any region. Substantiate with relevant examples.
                                                                                                  45. Indian agriculture faces a new set of problems due to changing land holding pattern. Discuss its consequences and suggest ways to resolve such structural issues in agriculture.
                                                                                                  46. Highlight the hurdles faced by agricultural extension services in India. Also, explain how Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) can help to strengthen National Agricultural Research Extension System.
                                                                                                  47. An overhaul of Agro-R&D is imperative for fulfilling of India’s obligations of doubling farmer’s income. Comment.
                                                                                                  48. The negative consequences of input-intensive and unsustainable agricultural practices in India can be nullified by transitioning to Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA). Discuss.
                                                                                                  49. What is DMH-11 that was recently approved by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee? What are the advantages and challenges in its adoption?
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