Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology


                                                                    This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                  1. What do you understand with Spectrum Trading? Discuss in the light of recently released Spectrum Trading Guidelines 2015.
                                                                  2. Discuss the objectives and key features of the recently launched ""Digital Army"programme under the umbrella of Digital India.
                                                                  3. Critically examine the Aatre Committee reports on 'strategic partnership model' (SPM) in defence sector.
                                                                  4. The Cashless Economy has its own advantages but Indian Economy continues to be driven by the use of cash. What are the constraints? While throwing light on its advantages, discusswhat steps should be taken to promote Cashless Economy in India.
                                                                  5. The Cellular Association of India has recently said that - "compared to international standards, operators in India possess significantly smaller amounts of spectrum". Explain what it means by "smaller amount of spectrum". Also suggest what can be done for optimum allocation and usage of spectrum as a scarce resource. {}
                                                                  6. What are the key disruptive trends of the so called Industry 4.0 (Fourth Industrial Revolution)? Discuss while highlighting the importance of innovation, Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data for Industry 4.0.
                                                                  7. What is cloud seeding? How it can help in failing rainfall? Can cloud seeding help in mitigating climate change also? Discuss. ]
                                                                  8. What may be the most profound impacts of Artificial Intelligence on economy? Can artificial intelligence help in India's economic transformation? Discuss.
                                                                  9. Corruption in defence deals not only increase the cost of procurement, it also hampers the combat capabilities. Discuss the steps taken by the government to deal with corruption in defence procurement. Also comment how indigenous defence manufacturing can help in this regard.
                                                                  10. What is Blockchain Technology? Keeping in focus the skepticism and debate on the safety and security of the Aadhar database, do you think that blockchaining can help? Discuss.
                                                                  11. Define Data portability. Keeping in view the new European Law on data portability, discuss the relevance and potential of such law in India.
                                                                  12. When DNA profiling is used wisely, it can bring major benefits to society. Discuss.
                                                                  13. Critically discuss the potential implications of so called "Robotic Process Automation (RPA)" upon jobs creation and jobs sustainability in services sector in India.
                                                                  14. Present the SWOT analysis of Aadhar Enabled Biometric Identification Systems with respect to benefit of transfers in all government schemes. Are there any better alternatives? Discuss.
                                                                  15. India is still far away from reducing its strategically-vulnerable dependence on foreign military hardware and software. With suitable examples, critically analyze where, to what extent and why "Make in India"initiatives have failed.
                                                                  16. Electric vehicles are neither cost effective nor sustainable. Discuss critically.
                                                                  17. Differentiate between 4G and 5G technologies while throwing light upon current challenges towards adoption of 5G Wireless technology in India.
                                                                  18. What are Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)? Discuss the prospects and challenges of adoption of this technology in India.
                                                                  19. What do you understand by Defence Offset Policy? What are issues in its effective implementation?
                                                                  20. With almost 70% of the Defence equipment still being imported, the goal of self reliance is distant dream in our country. What steps do you suggest towards self reliance in Defence production? Discuss.
                                                                  21. Private sector can play an important role in Make in India but does our policy provide it level playing field? Discuss in context with Defence Sector
                                                                  22. What role MSME could play and what are impediments to its role in Make in India – Defence? Examine suggesting policy steps.
                                                                  23. Why Indigenization of IT infrastructure of military is vital? Where does India stand in terms of indigenization of military IT infrastructure?
                                                                  24. Discuss the immense possibility 5G holds in its basket that can be utilized in daily life.
                                                                  25. Enumerate the features of an Economic census. How the recent Economic census will utilize digital methods for its recordings?
                                                                  26. What are your views about the Zero Waste Chennai initiative?
                                                                  27. In your opinion were the concerns raised against the NAMO TV valid?
                                                                  28. Give your view about the Homeless World Cup?
                                                                  29. What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Discuss its various applications and scope for development in India.
                                                                  30. How technological intervention will aid in enhancing the livelihood of fishermen? Explain with suitable examples.
                                                                  31. Critically analyse the role of Deep Technology in providing comprehensive social development as well as social security.
                                                                  32. Core Catcher in a Nuclear Reactor
                                                                  33. Drone Based Aerial Mapping of India: Need, Drawbacks and Issues
                                                                  34. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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