Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology


                                                                                                                              This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                                            1. What do you understand with Spectrum Trading? Discuss in the light of recently released Spectrum Trading Guidelines 2015.
                                                                                                                            2. Discuss the objectives and key features of the recently launched ""Digital Army"programme under the umbrella of Digital India.
                                                                                                                            3. Critically examine the Aatre Committee reports on 'strategic partnership model' (SPM) in defence sector.
                                                                                                                            4. The Cashless Economy has its own advantages but Indian Economy continues to be driven by the use of cash. What are the constraints? While throwing light on its advantages, discusswhat steps should be taken to promote Cashless Economy in India.
                                                                                                                            5. The Cellular Association of India has recently said that - "compared to international standards, operators in India possess significantly smaller amounts of spectrum". Explain what it means by "smaller amount of spectrum". Also suggest what can be done for optimum allocation and usage of spectrum as a scarce resource. {}
                                                                                                                            6. What is cloud seeding? How it can help in failing rainfall? Can cloud seeding help in mitigating climate change also? Discuss. ]
                                                                                                                            7. What may be the most profound impacts of Artificial Intelligence on economy? Can artificial intelligence help in India's economic transformation? Discuss.
                                                                                                                            8. What is Blockchain Technology? Keeping in focus the skepticism and debate on the safety and security of the Aadhar database, do you think that blockchaining can help? Discuss.
                                                                                                                            9. Define Data portability. Keeping in view the new European Law on data portability, discuss the relevance and potential of such law in India.
                                                                                                                            10. When DNA profiling is used wisely, it can bring major benefits to society. Discuss.
                                                                                                                            11. Critically discuss the potential implications of so called "Robotic Process Automation (RPA)" upon jobs creation and jobs sustainability in services sector in India.
                                                                                                                            12. Present the SWOT analysis of Aadhar Enabled Biometric Identification Systems with respect to benefit of transfers in all government schemes. Are there any better alternatives? Discuss.
                                                                                                                            13. India is still far away from reducing its strategically-vulnerable dependence on foreign military hardware and software. With suitable examples, critically analyze where, to what extent and why "Make in India"initiatives have failed.
                                                                                                                            14. Electric vehicles are neither cost effective nor sustainable. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                            15. Differentiate between 4G and 5G technologies while throwing light upon current challenges towards adoption of 5G Wireless technology in India.
                                                                                                                            16. What are Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)? Discuss the prospects and challenges of adoption of this technology in India.
                                                                                                                            17. What do you understand by Defence Offset Policy? What are issues in its effective implementation?
                                                                                                                            18. With almost 70% of the Defence equipment still being imported, the goal of self reliance is distant dream in our country. What steps do you suggest towards self reliance in Defence production? Discuss.
                                                                                                                            19. Private sector can play an important role in Make in India but does our policy provide it level playing field? Discuss in context with Defence Sector
                                                                                                                            20. What role MSME could play and what are impediments to its role in Make in India – Defence? Examine suggesting policy steps.
                                                                                                                            21. Why Indigenization of IT infrastructure of military is vital? Where does India stand in terms of indigenization of military IT infrastructure?
                                                                                                                            22. Discuss the immense possibility 5G holds in its basket that can be utilized in daily life.
                                                                                                                            23. Enumerate the features of an Economic census. How the recent Economic census will utilize digital methods for its recordings?
                                                                                                                            24. What are your views about the Zero Waste Chennai initiative?
                                                                                                                            25. In your opinion were the concerns raised against the NAMO TV valid?
                                                                                                                            26. Give your view about the Homeless World Cup?
                                                                                                                            27. What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Discuss its various applications and scope for development in India.
                                                                                                                            28. How technological intervention will aid in enhancing the livelihood of fishermen? Explain with suitable examples.
                                                                                                                            29. Critically analyse the role of Deep Technology in providing comprehensive social development as well as social security.
                                                                                                                            30. Core Catcher in a Nuclear Reactor
                                                                                                                            31. Drone Based Aerial Mapping of India: Need, Drawbacks and Issues
                                                                                                                            32. Write a brief note on Carbon capture and storage. Mention its potential benefits and discuss the challenges that need to be addressed for its wide-scale deployment in India.
                                                                                                                            33. Hydrogen-based energy production can play a key role in a clean, secure, and affordable energy future. In this context, identify the potential and opportunities for utilizing hydrogen-based technologies. What are the challenges that need to be addressed to fulfill the potential?
                                                                                                                            34. Despite the huge promise of satellite-based internet connectivity, it hasn’t gained traction on a significant commercial scale, especially in India. Discuss.
                                                                                                                            35. In light of the prominent instances of drone attacks by both state and non-state actors, assess the challenges and capabilities of India in dealing with such security threats.
                                                                                                                            36. India needs to move from being an assembler to a manufacturer of microchips. In this context, identify the associated challenges and opportunities.
                                                                                                                            37. Indian agriculture needs to move towards GM food crops, in order to ensure the food security of the country. Critically examine in context of concerns raised towards introduction of GM crops.
                                                                                                                            38. National Hydrogen Mission can be a game changer for India's rising energy demands. Discuss the benefits and challenges associated.
                                                                                                                            39. Discuss the applications of CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors that have revolutionized the genome editing technique.
                                                                                                                            40. 5G technology will prove to be a game-changer for digitally empowering the nation, but there are several challenges that needs to be tackled. Critically Analyze.
                                                                                                                            41. Throw some light on the potential applications of quantum technology. Also, discuss the challenges associated with this technology.
                                                                                                                            42. Enumerate types of clean coal technologies and the challenges associated with their adoption.
                                                                                                                            43. The 5G technology has the potential to transform India, but India needs a robust IT infrastructure and effective cyber security strategy for its wide adoption, because of risks and vulnerabilities associated with this technology. Analyse.
                                                                                                                            44. Highlighting the differences between Surface Web, Deep Web and Dark Web, discuss the concerns associated with Dark Web. Also, discuss the steps taken by India in this regard.
                                                                                                                            45. Throw some light on the Nano-based Agri-input and food products. Highlight the opportunities and concerns associated with them.
                                                                                                                            46. The use of drones for attack and illegal purposes has increased rapidly in past few years by both state and non-state actors. In the light of such security threats, discuss the challenges and capabilities of India to deal with them.
                                                                                                                            47. The efforts of government for indigenization of defence technologies in India has delivered suboptimal results. Examine reasons behind it and suggest measures to accelerate the pace of indigenization in the defence sector.
                                                                                                                            48. Examine the factors on which location of semiconductor and electronic chip making industry depend. Enumerate the steps taken by India to boost electronic manufacturing in country.
                                                                                                                            49. Throw some light on the characteristics and significance of Project MANAV launched by the Department of biotechnology.
                                                                                                                            50. In view of the upcoming introduction of CBDC (Central Bank Digital Currency) by RBI, discuss its concept, advantages and associated challenges.
                                                                                                                            51. In the context of increasing application of quantum technology across the fields, including the military, examine the vulnerabilities and need for quantum resilient cyberspace. Also highlight the challenges and suggest measures to make India’s cyberspace quantum-resilient.
                                                                                                                            52. What is Deep Tech? Examine case for an “India Strategic Fund”.
                                                                                                                            53. What is Oral Rehydration Therapy and what are its uses? How did Dr. Dilip Mahalanabis contribute to this life saving technique?
                                                                                                                            54. What is facial recognition technology? How is it being used by the government? Examine the issues associated with it.
                                                                                                                            55. What are the pros and cons of using biogas to address India’s transportation needs? Suggest some ways to promote its adoption.
                                                                                                                            56. What are the benefits of a lithium ion battery? What are the challenges to its wide-spread usage? What can be done to overcome these challenges?
                                                                                                                            57. What is DMH-11 that was recently approved by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee? What are the advantages and challenges in its adoption?
                                                                                                                            58. What are the implications of the rising tensions between China and Taiwan for the chip making sector? Discuss its significance.
                                                                                                                            59. How is India boosting its electronics manufacturing sector?
                                                                                                                            60. Explain how the petroleum industry and the semiconductor chip industry compare with each other with regards to their sensitivity to geopolitical development.
                                                                                                                            61. What are some of the key features of the Vande Bharat 2.0 train? How would it improve India’s railways?
                                                                                                                            62. Comment on India’s dependence on imports for the electric vehicle market from China. What should be India’s strategy to beat the Chinese influence over the EV market?
                                                                                                                            63. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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