Environmental Impact Assessment


                                        This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                      1. Highlighting the geographical and economic importance of the Hindukush-Himalayan region, outline the changes in the critical geographical features and the consequence it will have.
                                      2. River pollution not only impacts the marine river ecosystem but also impacts the surrounding ecosystems. Discuss. Also, explain why such pollution has not shown any signs of improvement, despite various government initiatives.
                                      3. Throw light on the contribution of agriculture to GHG emissions. Suggest measures that can be undertaken to address the challenges in reducing agriculture’s carbon footprint in India.
                                      4. Discuss the causes and consequences of harmful algal blooms.
                                      5. Given the nature of air pollution crisis in India, certain context-specific solutions are required to tackle it comprehensively. Discuss.
                                      6. One of the greatest environmental challenges that the world is facing today is desertification and it is getting worse because of climate change. Discuss.
                                      7. The need of the hour is to do away with traditional accounting methods like GDP calculation and move towards more comprehensive methods that accounts for Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services as well to establish link between economy and environment. In this context, discuss the initiatives taken by India.
                                      8. Livestock farming is crucial for increasing farmer’s income. However, it contributes to climate change and is also affected by it. Elaborate the statement and discuss some measures that can be taken to make livestock farming more sustainable as well as climate resilient.
                                      9. The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) by IPCC is being termed as the ‘code red' for humanity. Examine the concerns raised in the report focussing on India. Enlist remedial measures given by the report.
                                      10. In context of the significance of the Himalayan mountain system for South Asia, explain the factors responsible for melting of glaciers and its impact on the region.
                                      11. India expects to achieve a net zero target by 2070 and an efficient carbon market is an important catalyst towards this goal. In this context, explain the mechanism of carbon markets.
                                      12. Explain how are green crackers better than the conventional crackers.
                                      13. Climate change is affecting everyone on the planet, but the most severe crisis will be faced by the coastal areas. In this context, discuss the challenges faced by coastal cities due to climate change.
                                      14. Glaciers in the Alps are melting faster than ever and Himalayan glaciers are melting at the fastest rate in the world. In this context, examine its consequences on the world and the importance of preserving glaciers.
                                      15. What is DMH-11 that was recently approved by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee? What are the advantages and challenges in its adoption?
                                      16. Given the looming climate emergency threatening the developing world, discuss the ways in which RBI can help regulate climate risk.
                                      17. In light of a group of 16 countries, led by Vanuatu, approaching the International Court of Justice to seek a clarification of state obligations with regards to climate action, comment on the significance of the initiatives being taken by this small Pacific island nation. What is the way ahead?
                                      18. What is the significance of the increase in the number of oil and gas industry lobbyists attending the ongoing COP27?
                                      19. What are water credits? How can it help fund climate action?
                                      20. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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