GS-III: Disaster and Disaster Management


                                                                              This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                            1. Drought has been recognised as a disaster in view of its party expense, temporal duration, slow onset and lasting effect on various vulnerable sections. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the National disaster management authority, discuss the mechanism for preparedness to deal with the El Nino and La Nina fallouts in India.
                                                                            2. Examine the Relationship between Disaster and Development. To what extent this relationship is important for a policy maker? Discuss.
                                                                            3. To what extent, do you think the recently approved National Hydrology Project can be helpful for mitigation of drought in India? Discuss.
                                                                            4. In a large and diverse country like India, authorities are regularly confronted with large-scale protests, riots; incidents of mass civil disorder and crowd disasters. While keeping in focus the NDMA guidelines on Crowd Disaster Management, discuss the various issues faced by state governments.
                                                                            5. Urban floods are significantly different from rural flooding. Discuss while highlighting the causes of Urban Floods in India.
                                                                            6. To what extent, the river inter-linkage a can be a solution for the drought problems. Critically examine.
                                                                            7. Monsoon season has produced floods in the northwest and the northeast India while South India has suffered from a rainfall deficit. Examine the possible reasons and its implications for the economy.
                                                                            8. What is Stampede? Why are humans prone to stampede?
                                                                            9. What are the worst stampede tragedies in India in recent years?
                                                                            10. What are the main triggers of Stampede? How these triggers make crowd management important?
                                                                            11. What are the NDMA's guidelines on Crowd Management?
                                                                            12. What should government learn from Elphinstone Road Incident and how it should respond?
                                                                            13. On December 2004, Tsunami brought havoc on fourteen countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010), describe the mechanism for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.
                                                                            14. Mob-violence is emerging as a serious law and order problem in India. By giving suitable examples, analyze the causes and consequences of such violence.
                                                                            15. In order to reduce damage and injury caused by earthquakes to the minimum possible, government has introduced the "Early Earthquake Warning and Security System (Onsite)". Explain how the system works.
                                                                            16. Discuss the importance of space technology applications for disaster management in India with suitable examples.
                                                                            17. What are the key spatial variations in India's ability to sustain drought?
                                                                            18. How the Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) in Odisha can aid in averting the harmful impacts of the cyclones?
                                                                            19. India is one of the highest flood prone countries around the world. While discussing the flood affected regions, discuss the structural non-structural measures for mitigation of flood related disasters.
                                                                            20. The institutional arrangements in India for Real Time flood forecast are not only inadequate but also inefficient. To what extent, do you think the recently approved National Hydrology Project can be helpful towards this? Discuss
                                                                            21. What caused Elphinstone Road stampede? How this tragedy exposes the problems suburban railway and urban infrastructure of Mumbai?
                                                                            22. Chennai is facing an unprecedented drought not seen in decades. What kind of solutions do you suggest for checking the water crisis in Chennai?
                                                                            23. The disaster management practices must give due attention towards Disaster Resilient Infrastructure. Discuss why the Disaster Resilient Infrastructure is the need of hour.
                                                                            24. How the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure builds on the collaborative framework to build Disaster Resilient Infrastructure?
                                                                            25. Vulnerability is an essential element for defining disaster impacts and its threat to people. How and in what ways can vulnerability to disasters be characterized? Discuss different types of vulnerability with reference disasters.
                                                                            26. India Is Driving Today's International Science And Tech Collaborations
                                                                            27. Is India Overusing Antibiotics?
                                                                            28. International Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure
                                                                            29. Highlight the gender-specific challenges faced during disaster management. In this regard, discuss, how the disaster management cycle can be made more gender sensitive.
                                                                            30. Discuss the threat posed by Covid-19 on the safety and wellbeing of children all over the world. What steps have been taken by National Commission for Protection of Child Rights in this regard?
                                                                            31. One of the greatest environmental challenges that the world is facing today is desertification and it is getting worse because of climate change. Discuss.
                                                                            32. The risk and impact of natural disasters has increased a manifold in recent times because of the rapid and unplanned urbanization along with high population growth. Discuss the measures needed to address the issue in India.
                                                                            33. Use of technology and tools like GIS and Remote Sensing in disaster management can help to mitigate and reduce the impact of disasters. Throw some light on their application.
                                                                            34. It’s not just the geographical conditions that have led to recurring floods in Eastern India. Discuss and also suggest measures to tackle this menace.
                                                                            35. Critically discuss how ‘Barbell Strategy, Safety Nets & Agile Response’ helped the Government of India to deal with extreme uncertainty imposed by Covid-19 Pandemic.
                                                                            36. The overflowing rivers and heavy rains are not the only reasons behind the issue of urban flooding; the problem is magnified due to the uninformed ways in which our cities are coping with urbanization. Elaborate. Also, mention the National Disaster Management Authority guidelines on urban floods.
                                                                            37. In the light of risks posed by hazardous chemicals (HAZCHEM) in India, examine India’s preparedness in Chemical Disaster Management (CDM).
                                                                            38. Climate change is affecting everyone on the planet, but the most severe crisis will be faced by the coastal areas. In this context, discuss the challenges faced by coastal cities due to climate change.
                                                                            39. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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