Different Types of Irrigation and Irrigation Systems

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                                      This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                    1. What do you understand by Command Area? Objectively differentiate between Gross Command Area and Cultural Command Area.
                                    2. Differentiate between Minor, Medium and Major Irrigation Schemes. Bring out their relative importance.
                                    3. "Despite of heavy public expenditure on canals, our governments have not been able to reduce the groundwater depletion."Critically examine the issue.
                                    4. What do you understand by Command Area Development? Why successive governments have failed in Command Area Development?
                                    5. The soul of any government scheme lies in its implementation. With this reference, critically discuss the drawbacks of Command Area Development Programme and Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP).In your view , how the recently launched Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana addresses these issues? Discuss.
                                    6. Examine the different methods of irrigation practiced in India and bring out their relative importance.
                                    7. What is drip irrigation? Why is it considered the most efficient method of irrigation?
                                    8. What do you understand by Micro-irrigation? Discuss its importance to a country like India.
                                    9. "In the resource constrained and dry areas, the farming is a survival mechanism rather than a growth oriented activity."With this reference bring out various problems faced by farmers in Rainfed Areas
                                    10. Differentiate between Dryland Farming and Rainfed Farming. Discuss the relative importance of both for India agriculture.
                                    11. Do you agree with the view that "Dewas model"in irrigation should be replicated across the country. Discuss while highlighting features of this model.
                                    12. With respect to water usage and storage, it is generally said that India has focussed more on supply-side management, while no emphasis is placed on demand-side management. Discuss while suggesting way forward.
                                    13. To what extent, the lopsided procurement system in the country is responsible for the groundwater crisis looming large in recent times? Explain.
                                    14. Can artificial recharge of the ground water solve India's ground water crisis? To what extent? Discuss while enumerating various methods of artificially recharging the Ground Water.
                                    15. The British Colonial rule systematically broke the traditional system of community management of irrigation tanks in various parts of India. While taking Madras Compulsory Labor Act of 1858 as an example, discuss why the practices such as Kudimaramath did not flourish despite of state legislations.
                                    16. "Surface Irrigation is often associated with several issues undermining productivity and environmental sustainability."Explain.
                                    17. Kaleshwaram Multipurpose Lift Irrigation Project is the world�s largest irrigation and drinking water system. This has been possible because Telangana is located around 300-650 m above MSL. Comment.
                                    18. Why is the problem of water-logging is still bringing havoc to the cities in Punjab?
                                    19. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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