GS-II: Constitutional Statutory Regulatory and Quasi Judicial Bodies


                                                                                  This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                1. NITI Aayog can play an important role in rejuvenating the fiscal federalism of India. Comment.
                                                                                2. Can the Health Index by NITI Aayog act as a Handy Tool for Governance? Comment.
                                                                                3. What are the objectives of National Green Tribunal? Give a brief overview of the different laws in legal jurisdiction of NGT Act.
                                                                                4. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of the above observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards.
                                                                                5. "In recent times, there has been a serious debate about the exact nature and objective of the Competition Commission of India as a quasi-judicial regulator." Discuss while throwing light upon functions and roles of CCI.
                                                                                6. Discuss the powers of Election Commission of India with respect to registration, delisting and deregistration of political parties. Do you agree with the view that the recent amendment of FCRA underlines need for more teeth to the Election Commission? Justify your answer.
                                                                                7. Unlike courts, the role and responsibility of tribunals is directly linked to and is subordinate to executive.. Do you agree? Explain.
                                                                                8. What is the mandate of Section 123 of the Representation of the People Act? Explain while keeping in focus the recent Supreme Court Judgement.
                                                                                9. Despite of so many years passed of establishment of Inter-state Council, it remains an underutilized and ignored constitutional body. Discuss critically.
                                                                                10. Though Inter-state Council was established as a constitutional body, many of its functions remained eclipsed by the extra-constitutional bodies. Discuss while analyzing the relevance of Inter-state Council suggesting way forward.
                                                                                11. While critically scrutinizing their roles, justify why the Departmentally-related standing committees are called Mini-parliaments? Suggest steps to make their functioning even better.
                                                                                12. To what extent, the functions of Inter-state Council, Zonal Councils and NITI Aayog overlap with each other? In what areas? Explain.
                                                                                13. Why the mechanism of ad-hoc tribunals to adjudicate the dispute between the riparian states has failed to realize its objectives? Can this mechanism be replaced with mediations? Give reasoned opinion.
                                                                                14. Discuss the achievements and failures of National Human Rights Commission.
                                                                                15. Explain the function and mandate and key issues in effective functioning of National Investigation Agency (NIA).
                                                                                16. What are aims and objectives of Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) of NITI Aayog?
                                                                                17. Discuss the rationale behind government's decision to include the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) under the Intelligence Organisations (Restriction of Rights) Act, 1985.
                                                                                18. Examine the composition and importance of Law Commission of India.
                                                                                19. Why the various investigating agencies and regulators need to work more closely in India?
                                                                                20. What is the government rationale behind merging the National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB) with Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D)? Do their functions overlap or are different? Discuss.
                                                                                21. The independence of CBI has been questioned time and again. Can CBI be made more autonomous without affecting its accountability mechanism? Discuss.
                                                                                22. What are your views regarding the extent of user vulnerability in digital media?
                                                                                23. Why the opinion of Rajasthan Human Rights Commission on live-in relations is derogatory?
                                                                                24. Discuss whether the introduction of the electoral bond system has made the donation system opaque.
                                                                                25. Throw some light on the problems that creates hurdles in effective functioning of the Gram Nyayalayas.
                                                                                26. ‘Tribunalization’ of justice may lead to ‘Trivialization’ of justice. In this context, discuss the objectives and issues associated with tribunals. Also suggest measures.
                                                                                27. Throw some Light on the issues associated with functioning of the central information commission. Suggest measures to address these issues.
                                                                                28. Throw some light on the need of a National Court of Appeal for reducing the pendency of cases and returning to the Supreme Court’s original role as final appellate court.
                                                                                29. Highlight the institutional challenges faced by the Election Commission of India in dealing with the use of money and muscle power in electoral politics and ensuring free and fair elections.
                                                                                30. In a right institutional setup, the judicial decision-making is not affected by post-retirement appointments. Comment.
                                                                                31. Tribunals have not only failed in achieving their envisaged objectives but also creating multiple challenges in the administration of justice in India. Critically analyze.
                                                                                32. Examine the systematic issues that create hurdles in the effective functioning of regulatory bodies in India.
                                                                                33. India as a democracy needs democratically functioning political parties to deepen the democratic setup at grassroot level. Comment.
                                                                                34. Free and fair elections are the cornerstone of our democracy and to ensure it, an Election commission free from any political pressure is of paramount importance. In this context, discuss the need to have a relook at the process of appointment and removal of election commissioners to the ECI.
                                                                                35. Throw some light on the importance of alternate dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms and its types available in India. Suggest measures to further improve it.
                                                                                36. The problems from which the judiciary is suffering, are being replicated with tribunals too, along with few other added problems. Analyze.
                                                                                37. Government of India in recent past has focussed on reforming the public grievance redressal mechanisms, however their effectiveness remains limited. Discuss.
                                                                                38. The NGT is a unique institution with a role going beyond mere adjudication and having a capacity to provide redressal for environmental exigencies. Analyze.
                                                                                39. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) has imposed a fine on tech giant Google. In this context, discuss the role of CCI. Also, compare CCI’s actions with the US and EU regulators to curb monopolistic behaviors.
                                                                                40. Comment on the recent criticism of the Enforcement Directorate in India. What can be done to remove its shortcomings?
                                                                                41. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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