Conservation Environmental Pollution Degradation


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Environmental impact assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before project is cleared by the government. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at Pitheads.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. There are several flaws in the wildlife conservation approach based on the premise of creating national parks, tiger reserves, wildlife sanctuaries etc. managed by the state. Discuss giving arguments.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3. What do you understand by the so called "Intended Nationally Determined Contributions"? Discuss their importance and analyze the India's stand on INDCs in recent times.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4. Discuss the journey of Sikkim towards becoming India's first fully organic state. Do you think that Sikkim model can be emulated by the other states in country? Elucidate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5. In various parts of India, one or the other animal species are used as part of either tradition or for entertainment purpose. In this context, critically examine the issues arising out of cruelty against animals.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6. While differentiating between Area strip mining and Contour mining with respect to coal extraction, discuss which of them is more dangerous to environment and why.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7. The growing focus on climate change policy in India is not matched by an equivalent level of attention to environment related institutional structure. Critically examine the key features and issues around Institutional framework for Climate Change Policy in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8. What do you understand by "Climate Budgeting"? What are its advantages and status in India? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9. Elucidate the meaning of Ecological Sensitive Area (ESA) and Eco-sensitive Zones (ESZs) while bringing out the objectives of their demarcation.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10. Make an assessment of five years of National Green Tribunal performance putting major decisions and cases in light? Also comment on the apparent conflicts between NGT's green activism and development agenda of successive governments.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11. The law should incorporate pollute and Pay" principle imposing heavy fines on violaters Instead of ruthlessly closing the polluting units." Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                12. Elucidate the major threats faced by river ecosystems in India while highlighting the link between deforestation in catchment areas and its harms to rivers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                13. Enumerate the eight goals adopted under Nationally Determined Contributions. What role can be played by households and private sector in particular in realizing these goals? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                14. No city can be a smart city without a solid waste management plan. Critically analyze why the waste management policies are a failure. Also, suggest solutions for India's garbage problem.|
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                15. While outlining its contours, critically examine the recently unveiled new regional plan to curb human-elephant conflict in eastern and central India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                16. Right to clean air is part of right to health. Does the right to clean air entail regulations on burning fire crackers on Diwali? Discuss and argue if the recent SC verdict on firecrackers is a breach of freedom of religious practices.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                17. Differentiate between Eco-centrism, Biocentrism and Bio conservativism while enumerating key ethical issues around them.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                18. Poaching is one of the major issues in the protection of wild animals. Discuss how can real-time monitoring of animals help in tackling poaching as well reduce instances of man-animal conflict.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                19. The burning of crop residue is one of the major reason behind the sharp deterioration in air quality in north India. Suggest measure to prevent such instances.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                20. Compost from biodegradable can be a perfect solution for myriad no of issues related to waste management. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                21. What are Bio-inspired plastics? How are they manufactured? Discuss their current and potential applications
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                22. Climate change and over exploitation of water resources have put pressure on rivers. Discuss what remedial measures should be taken to save rivers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                23. Harmful pesticides are one of the major reasons behind farmer's deaths. Critically discuss the provisions of Pesticide Management Bill in this context.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                24. "The subjective definition of "wise use" in the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017 does not seem to make any change in our treatment of wetlands as waste lands." Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                25. Critically discuss the potential implications of recent amendment of the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2011 towards mining for atomic minerals in coastal India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                26. What is the GI tag controversy over Rasgulla / Rosogulla between West Bengal and Odisha?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                27. What is Bio-medical Waste? Discuss the salient features of New Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules. What are the major constraints being faced by various state governments in implementation of the rules?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                28. The Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project (SSCP), ever since it was mooted in 2004, it has been a target of criticism from environmental advocates as well as religious enthusiasts. Are there any scientific reasons behind its opposition? Critically analyze.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                29. How the unorganised, unscientific fishing such as (gill net fishing) pose danger to aquatic fauna? Discuss taking example of Gangetic dolphins.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                30. Discuss the objectives and major achievements of TRAFFIC (the wildlife trade monitoring network) over last few years.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                31. Discuss the salient features of National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) by government.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                32. Critically evaluate the outcomes of Bonn Climate Change Conference (COP23), outlining the challenges in its effective implementation.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                33. Elucidate meteorological factors that influence urban outdoor air pollution? Throw light on some of the technological and non-technological solution to urban outdoor pollution.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                34. What are the advantages of methanol-based hybrid vehicles over lithium-ion batteries based electric vehicles. Elucidate the challenges faced in using methanol as a fuel in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                35. Critically examine the government's decision to leapfrog from Bharat Stage (BS)-IV into Bharat Stage (BS)-VI fuel norms. (15 Marks)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                36. To what extent, the symbiotic relation between relatively isolated indigenous people and their environment has been affected due to climate change? Analyze citing reasons with suitable examples.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                37. Despite proper implementation to providing access to clean cooking fuel, the Ujjwala Yojana seems to have hit a roadblock on question of affordability. Examine this issue while making an assessment of feasibility of further expansion of this programme.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                38. How the urban waste contributes to global warming? Discuss how the efficient management of urban solid waste can reduce the GHG accumulation.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                39. The wildlife conservation efforts of the government have helped in increasing the population of the endangered fauna, yet they have failed in addressing the habitat loss. Discuss the issues arising out of this anomaly.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                40. What is Conversation Assured Tiger Standards (CA|TS)? What are its objectives? What are the findings of the recent Survey?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                41. What are the objectives, features and significance of the recently announced GOBAR-Dhan initiative?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                42. What is the current status of conservation of Asiatic Lion?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                43. What are the findings of the census conducted in the East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem (EGREE) region to record the presence of uncommon species?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                44. How the Energy Management Centre (EMC) of Kerala has achieved a status of energy positive campus?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                45. What are the recommendations of the Niti Aayog task force on Biomass management?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                46. How the emission trading scheme can aid India in curbing the emissions?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                47. Discuss the major policy loopholes in effective Urban Solid Waste Management in India. Suggest measures to address these loopholes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                48. What are the key findings of the special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                49. Dangers of untreated sludge to Ganga
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                50. What are recent CSIR attempts to develop Green Crackers?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                51. How the local bodies can play crucial role in dealing with the construction and demolition (C&D) wastes?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                52. What are major differences between the Bharat stage IV and Bharat stage VI? What would be possible impacts of SC verdict on upgrading to BSVI norms?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                53. Why most measures taken to tackle pollution (in NCR) are episodic rather than strategic responses?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                54. How the community participation has aided in reviving the lost glory of Manas National Park?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                55. What are the major findings of the WHO report on air pollution and child health?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                56. Why most Indian cities are failing to tackle Air Pollution?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                57. Why Mekedatu dam project is being opposed by Tamil Nadu?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                58. What are the expectations of India from COP-24?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                59. What are the steps taken by India to counter climate change?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                60. What do you know about White Throated Rails and Crested ibises? Explain in detail with their present status.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                61. While enumerating main characteristics of CFC-11, explain the current issues and controversies around it.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                62. What are coral reefs? What is their significance? Explain in detail the threats faced by them.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                63. There is an urgent need to protect forest rights in India right now. Enumerate some of the steps that should be taken to protect Forest rights.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                64. What is a heat wave? Enumerate the ill effects of a heat wave on living things.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                65. Indian fertilizer industry is growing day by day. Enumerate the environmental concerns related with the growth of this sector in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                66. What are the key highlights of the State of India�s Environment 2019? Discuss the concerns raised and measures required to be done.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                67. What is the significance of Sunderban Wetlands of India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                68. What is the cause of the increase in the frequency of wildfires at the Bandipur Reserve?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                69. A proposal has been made to establish a permanent research center for Olive Ridley Turtle on the Odisha coast. Discuss the threats to the species in India and ways to conserve.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                70. What are your views about the National Clean Air Programme?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                71. How will the Golden Langur species benefit from the MGNREGA scheme?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                72. There is no Plan B because we do not have a Planet B. Explain the statement in the context of recent agreement of G20 Members to tackle ocean plastic waste.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                73. Over-supply of nutrients can cause a condition of hypoxia in water bodies. Discuss the harmful effects of such a condition and ways to avoid it.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                74. The water crisis in Tamil Nadu shows that there is a lot to learn about rainwater harvesting from our ancestors. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                75. UN Climate Change meet could provide industry a roadmap for low carbon growth. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                76. The government of India had made an election promise that it will ensure speed and effectiveness for issuing environmental clearances. Why do you think that project nods for such green belts need more scrutiny?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                77. Punjab is faced with a sharp decline in the groundwater. What in your opinion can prevent the state from further depletion of the precious resource which has already become a source of concern for the country?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                78. What are mangroves and in what way are they useful to us?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                79. Discuss the nature and causes of the UTI crisis with particular reference to US-64. How does this UTI fiasco affect the investment climate in India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                80. Discuss the significance of Kyoto Protocol. Why is U.S.A. not signing it?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81. What is vermicomposting? Discuss its importance in the Indian context.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                82. What does the Montreal Protocol deal with? Discuss its role in protecting Earth’s environment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                83. What are the findings of the report United in Science?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                84. Why there is a need of awareness campaigns to bring tangible changes in fight against climate change and building sustainable agriculture?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                85. What is Agroecology? Is Agroecology facing threats from the powerful elite lobby?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                86. What are the findings of the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                87. Why people of Wayanad are protesting closure of Kerala-Karnataka highway through Bandipur Tiger Reserve?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                88. How the Graded Response Action Plan responds to tackle the pollution emergencies?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                89. Waste to Wealth strategy is what will help in dealing with plastic waste efficiently. Discuss some of innovations for recycling plastics.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                90. How the Paani Bachao, Paise Kamao of Punjab checks depletion of underground water?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                91. What are Green Crackers? How they can contribute in reducing pollution levels?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                92. What is ozone hole? How the world has been successful in reducing the size of ozone hole?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                93. Grasslands play an important role in helping the big cats survive in their natural habitat and they are also indirectly dependent upon it. Elaborate in the light of importance of grasslands.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                94. Can Green energy technology, solar, wind and energy storage, save the planet and reverse the tide of climate change?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                95. The ‘New Delhi Declaration’ adopted at the 14th CoP asserts that land degradation is largely responsible for climate change or global warming. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                96. What is the link between mortality and pollution ? Comment on whether evidence provides a relation between the two.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                97. With solar and wind now being the cheapest sources of electricity, India needs to take charge and join industrialised nations in becoming net carbon neutral. Elaborate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                98. Climate change is not just an environment issue, it is a human and urban issue that will dramatically affect everyone. In this context, comment on the impact on Mumbai.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                99. What is an E-plane ? Can its introduction make commercial air travel low-cost and environmentally friendly?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                100. India needs a program called Project Dolphin along the lines of Project Tiger to enhance the population of dolphins. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                101. India has rules to track noise levels , but these are observed more in flouting than implementation. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                102. What are the objectives and features of the KUSUM scheme ? How can it help the government improve water and energy efficiency in the country ?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                103. Briefly discuss about the coastal regulation guidelines in light of Mumbai’s coastal road project.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                104. Failure of CoP25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                105. Harnessing Natural Gas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                106. Climate Change & EU's Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                107. Degradation of the Amazon Basin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                108. Water Scarcity & Atal Bhujal Yojana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                109. Cold across North India and Climate Change
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                110. Water crisis in India & what India can learn from other countries
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                111. India Tests Swedish Technology To Effectively Replace Stubble Burning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                112. NITI Aayog Comes Out With Composite Water Management Index
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                113. Global Climate Risk Index 2020 Published
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                114. The IUCN Red List Is Getting Longer Each Year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                115. Integrated water resource management can address the problems related to water in India. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                116. How are coastal and Marine ecosystems impacted by the increase in greenhouse gas emissions? What are the measures that can be taken to protect and restore such vulnerable ecosystems?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                117. Highlighting the geographical and economic importance of the Hindukush-Himalayan region, outline the changes in the critical geographical features and the consequence it will have.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                118. River pollution not only impacts the marine river ecosystem but also impacts the surrounding ecosystems. Discuss. Also, explain why such pollution has not shown any signs of improvement, despite various government initiatives.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                119. Write a brief note on Carbon capture and storage. Mention its potential benefits and discuss the challenges that need to be addressed for its wide-scale deployment in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                120. Explain the concept of Carbon Compensation Depth. Discuss the implications of rise in this depth due to anthropogenic activities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                121. Throw light on the contribution of agriculture to GHG emissions. Suggest measures that can be undertaken to address the challenges in reducing agriculture’s carbon footprint in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                122. Discuss the causes and consequences of harmful algal blooms.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                123. Given the nature of air pollution crisis in India, certain context-specific solutions are required to tackle it comprehensively. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                124. Though, there are various problems associated with single use plastics, a number of challenges needs to be faced after the blanket ban, on their use is imposed. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                125. One of the greatest environmental challenges that the world is facing today is desertification and it is getting worse because of climate change. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                126. The need of the hour is to do away with traditional accounting methods like GDP calculation and move towards more comprehensive methods that accounts for Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services as well to establish link between economy and environment. In this context, discuss the initiatives taken by India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                127. Arsenic pollution has become a severe environmental problem in India. Enumerate its various source, also discuss the consequences and measures to tackle it.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                128. The Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM) can be a game changer for the renewable energy sector in India. Evaluate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                129. The local voluntary organizations and NGOs have played an active role in environmental movements in India. They have their own set of advantages and challenges associated with them. Elaborate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                130. Highlight the benefits of urban forests and steps taken by the government to promote urban forestry in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                131. The potential of tourism industry in India can be harnessed sustainably by promoting eco-tourism. Enumerate the steps taken by government in this context, also discuss the associated challenges.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                132. Enumerate types of clean coal technologies and the challenges associated with their adoption.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                133. The present generation can learn lessons and find solution to the contemporary problem of water crisis from the ancient culture and architecture of India such as step wells. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                134. The de-oxygenation of oceans is one of the most detrimental effects of anthropogenic activities, however it is under-reported. Identify the factors behind it and mention its socio-economic and environmental implications.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                135. The rapid decline of water resources in India is not just due to geographical factor, rather there are political and economic factors too. Discuss along with its implications.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                136. Livestock farming is crucial for increasing farmer’s income. However, it contributes to climate change and is also affected by it. Elaborate the statement and discuss some measures that can be taken to make livestock farming more sustainable as well as climate resilient.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                137. Explain the term land degradation neutrality. Highlight its significance and the steps required to achieve it.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                138. It has been argued that the proposed amendments to the Forest conservation act (FCA) will go against the Forest Rights Act (FRA), and may create hurdles for India in achieving its commitments on climate change. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                139. The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) by IPCC is being termed as the ‘code red' for humanity. Examine the concerns raised in the report focussing on India. Enlist remedial measures given by the report.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                140. In context of the significance of the Himalayan mountain system for South Asia, explain the factors responsible for melting of glaciers and its impact on the region.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                141. Identify the need for a climate resilient agriculture in India, discuss how it can be achieved.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                142. In context of increased instances of flash floods in India, suggest measures for better resilience. Also, highlight the significance of flash flood guidance system (FFGS) operated by the Indian meteorological Department (IMD).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                143. Discuss the importance of decarbonizing the Indian iron and steel sector. How can Indian steel be made future ready?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                144. India expects to achieve a net zero target by 2070 and an efficient carbon market is an important catalyst towards this goal. In this context, explain the mechanism of carbon markets.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                145. What is the ‘Solar Facility’ launched at the 5th ISA Assembly Meeting? Discuss its utility in enabling capital flow for solar power projects in under-served areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                146. What is the LiFE mission? How could it help India and other like-minded nations in its climate action?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                147. What are the advantages of compressed biogas? How will it help to achieve twin goals of becoming energy self-sufficient and increase farmers income?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                148. Explain how are green crackers better than the conventional crackers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                149. Examine the case for the regulatory innovation in India’s efforts towards green transition.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                150. Climate change is affecting everyone on the planet, but the most severe crisis will be faced by the coastal areas. In this context, discuss the challenges faced by coastal cities due to climate change.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                151. Glaciers in the Alps are melting faster than ever and Himalayan glaciers are melting at the fastest rate in the world. In this context, examine its consequences on the world and the importance of preserving glaciers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                152. What are the pros and cons of using biogas to address India’s transportation needs? Suggest some ways to promote its adoption.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                153. What are the challenges faced by the state governments in transitioning to a greener future? List some initiatives towards this end and some possible solutions to overcome the challenges.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                154. How significant a contributor is the housing sector to the GHG emissions? What are various government’s initiatives to boost the green housing sector?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                155. In light of the upcoming COP27 in Egypt, examine the reasons behind countries failing to meet their targets and falling back to coal. What can be done to ensure a climate-friendly solution to the ongoing energy crisis?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                156. In the light of November 3rd 2022 being observed as the first International Day for Biosphere Reserves, discuss the importance of biosphere reserves in conservation efforts. How can the world’s biosphere footprint be expanded?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                157. What are the highlights of the Uttar Pradesh Bioenergy Policy 2022? What are challenges in its successful implementation?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                158. In the light of Vanuatu's call for globally phasing out of fossil fuels, discuss the impacts of the climate crisis on small island nations. How COP27 address this problem?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                159. What is Clean Environment Cess? How has it performed and what is the way forward?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                160. Given the looming climate emergency threatening the developing world, discuss the ways in which RBI can help regulate climate risk.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                161. What are the advantages and challenges associated with the introduction of Sovereign Green Bonds?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                162. Why is it important to conserve shallow water bodies? What are the unique challenges faced by these geographical features?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                163. In light of a group of 16 countries, led by Vanuatu, approaching the International Court of Justice to seek a clarification of state obligations with regards to climate action, comment on the significance of the initiatives being taken by this small Pacific island nation. What is the way ahead?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                164. What are the various ways in which groundwater resources are being depleted? Which regions have the worst groundwater situation? What can be done to address the issue?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                165. Evaluate the Global North’s efforts to fulfill the annual $100 billion climate finance promise to the Global South. How far can private climate finance help here?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                166. What is the significance of the increase in the number of oil and gas industry lobbyists attending the ongoing COP27?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                167. Comment on the challenges in tyre recycling. What can be done to make it sustainable?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                168. What are water credits? How can it help fund climate action?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                169. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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