GS-III: Changes in Industrial Policy and Their Effects On Industrial Growth


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                                                                                                                                        1. What are your views about the revival in industrial activity?
                                                                                                                                        2. Capitalism has guided the world economy to unprecedented prosperity. However, it often encourages shortsightedness and contributes to wide disparities between the rich and the poor. In this light, would it be correct to believe and adopt capitalism driving inclusive growth in India? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                        3. Normally countries shift from agriculture to industry and then later to services, but India shifted directly from agriculture to services. What are the reasons for the huge growth of services vis-a-vis industry in the country? Can India become a developed country without a strong industrial base?
                                                                                                                                        4. Why the Industrial Policy of 1948 is called "socialization of vacuum"? Justify the place given by it to private sector in the light of contemporary economic conditions.
                                                                                                                                        5. "Apart from the four fold classification of the industries; the Industrial Policy 1948 endeavoured to protect cottage & small scale industries by according them priority status."Throw light.
                                                                                                                                        6. "In effect, the Industrial Policy Resolution of 1948 was a document of compromise between India's political and economic elite."To what extent you agree with this view? Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                        7. Discuss the salient features of the Industrial Policy Resolution 1956 throwing light on its outcomes.
                                                                                                                                        8. One of the pillars of the 1956 Industrial Policy was to check concentration of economic power in few individuals, groups or business houses. To what extent this policy was able to achieve this? Examine.
                                                                                                                                        9. "The licensing policy was a conflict of objectives."Justify while throwing light on gradual reforms done in Industrial Licensing in India.
                                                                                                                                        10. Discuss the current status of Government Monopoly industries and Industrial Licensing in India.
                                                                                                                                        11. Critically examine the outcomes of the New Industrial Policy 1991.
                                                                                                                                        12. Which sectors are reserved for MSME industries today? Discuss in the light of recent government policy.
                                                                                                                                        13. Critically examine the growth trends in Industrial Development in the country since 1951, pointing out factors responsible for these trends.
                                                                                                                                        14. Give a critical account of the progress of industries during the initial three five year plans. To what extent these plans set the stage for long- run economic growth in the country. Examine.
                                                                                                                                        15. Present a critical overview of the success and failures of the five year plans with respect to Industries in India.
                                                                                                                                        16. Many opine that the process of Industrial development in India remained "growth oriented"and not "development oriented"during planning era. To what extent you agree with this view. Examine.
                                                                                                                                        17. Critically examine the structural transformation in the Industrial Sector of India since independence.
                                                                                                                                        18. Examine the importance of National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 towards achieving sustainable mobility and National Fuel Security.
                                                                                                                                        19. Discuss the structural patterns in the Chemical Industry in India.
                                                                                                                                        20. What are the major problems faced by Jute Industry in India. Discuss making a case for "Golden Fibre Revolution"in India.
                                                                                                                                        21. Critically examine the salient features of start-up ecosystem in India while focussing on recent government initiatives in this direction.
                                                                                                                                        22. True entrepreneurs don't need government support. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                        23. What are different factors and routes of emergence of Start-up firms? Discuss in the light of evolution of start-ups in India.
                                                                                                                                        24. Start-up India is useless in the country until technical education funding is insufficient to promote innovation at the universities and centers of technology. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                        25. How start-up India is different from Stand up India? Discuss the salient features of these initiatives.
                                                                                                                                        26. To what extent the Chapter V-B of the industrial disputes act is responsible for anomalies in the manufacturing sector in India. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                        27. What do you understand by Contract Labour? Do you think that present legislation around contract labour in India is doing injustice with the firms or employees? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                        28. "Reform of the labour law is vital for the revival of manufacturing sector in India, without which the "Make in India"campaign is doomed to fail."Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                        29. Features of the Draft Labour Code on Industrial Relations Bill, 2015 while throwing light on various concerns raised by the Trade Unions.
                                                                                                                                        30. What do you understand by employment elasticity? Discuss the trends in contribution of manufacturing and services sector in aggregate employment elasticity of India.
                                                                                                                                        31. What are the various products and their applications in silicon wafer manufacturing industry in India? Discuss the status of this industry, challenges and government policy incentives towards silicon wafers manufacturers.
                                                                                                                                        32. What are the main functions of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)? Do you agree with the view that it has been successful in altering the notion that organized retail is a killer of smaller traders? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                        33. Examine the structure, strengths and weakness of India's steel industry. Given that the Indian steel sector is poised to be the world's second largest, what opportunities and threats you perceive for this industry. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                        34. What are the major issues towards labour reforms in India? Discuss while elucidating the proposed "four labour codes" as a part of the labour law reforms?
                                                                                                                                        35. Elucidate the key features of The Code on Wages, 2017.
                                                                                                                                        36. What do you understand by import substitution? To what extent, the Make in India initiative is similar to or different from the import-substitution strategy? Explain.
                                                                                                                                        37. Multiple regulatory structures can hinder the growth of entrepreneurship culture. Critically analyze in the context of Companies Rules 2017. What could be the ramifications of such moves on the economy ?
                                                                                                                                        38. “Despite large number of reforms by the current government, the massive potential of our manufacturing hub still remains untapped.” Examine the reasons behind the same. What steps can be taken to boost the sector?
                                                                                                                                        39. Enforcement of contract is one of the key areas towards further increasing ease of doing business in India. What are the key loopholes in current contract law to be plugged? Discuss
                                                                                                                                        40. What are the objectives and contours of the "challenge method"recently mooted by central government to foster competition among states for expeditious implementation of infrastructure projects? Critically discuss.
                                                                                                                                        41. Critically discuss the divergent views on liberalizing the defence sector in India.
                                                                                                                                        42. What are the key features and significance of the Draft Wages Code Bill 2017?
                                                                                                                                        43. What are the champion service sectors identified by the union commerce ministry? What is the significance of the move?
                                                                                                                                        44. Why India needs a mature standard ecosystem? Discuss the objectives of the draft Indian national strategy for standardization.
                                                                                                                                        45. The growth of servitisation" in recent years essentially demands that the government should redefine the term "industry"in its future Industrial Policy." Discuss.
                                                                                                                                        46. While analyzing the issues and challenges for the handloom industry, discuss the policy initiatives taken by the government towards its protection.|
                                                                                                                                        47. What are the features of the Special Economic Zones (Amendment) Bill, 2019?
                                                                                                                                        48. What is the scheme about pension to informal workers?
                                                                                                                                        49. What is your view are the four new elements which are to be added by India in the policy matrix?
                                                                                                                                        50. The strengthening of the role of the Independent Directors in the Companies Act, 2013 is a true example of true legislative consensus. Comment.
                                                                                                                                        51. How does SEZ concept help investors in India? Enumerate the features of the Special Economic Zones (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
                                                                                                                                        52. What are the finding about India in the Ease of Doing Business Report 2019?
                                                                                                                                        53. Examine the key features of the new Labour Code bills passed recently by parliament of India.
                                                                                                                                        54. Critically examine the steps taken by the Government of India to stop opportunistic takeover by firms from countries with which India has border tensions.
                                                                                                                                        55. Critically discuss the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Start-up ecosystem of India.
                                                                                                                                        56. Though, there are various problems associated with single use plastics, a number of challenges needs to be faced after the blanket ban, on their use is imposed. Discuss.
                                                                                                                                        57. In order to make India a manufacturing hub, there is a need to focus on the core areas which are crucial for promoting exports. Discuss in the backdrop of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
                                                                                                                                        58. The New Code on Industrial Relations (2019) was brought to reduce labour disputes and improve ease of doing business but it has restricted the collective bargaining power of the workers. Analyse.
                                                                                                                                        59. India has witnessed a positive trend of rising numbers of start-ups in recent years. While analyzing the factors responsible for the same, highlight the challenges that remain. Also, suggest some remedial measures.
                                                                                                                                        60. Despite the achievement of several Indians in leading tech-giants across the globe, India still has one of the lowest entrepreneurship rates. Discuss the reasons behind it and enumerate the measures taken by government to increase the pace of entrepreneurship in India.
                                                                                                                                        61. Explain the concept of Moonlighting. In light of the recent concerns raised by the IT sector over the practice of 'moonlighting', discuss the reasons behind the practice and possible solutions.
                                                                                                                                        62. How successful has India’s spectrum policy been in enabling connectivity? Examine its limitations and the provisions under the new policy. Also suggest a way to use spectrum for ending the country’s digital divide.
                                                                                                                                        63. Comment on the OTT platform vs telecom sector debate in India. How can the government ensure a level playing field?
                                                                                                                                        64. How can the recent rate hikes, to tackle inflation, affect MSME sector? Citing the importance of MSMEs, discuss how India can protect its small businesses?
                                                                                                                                        65. As the world begins to enjoy the fruits of Industry 4.0, comment on how India can ensure that its small enterprises aren’t left behind.
                                                                                                                                        66. Explain how the PLI Scheme works. What are the advantages and challenges of the scheme?
                                                                                                                                        67. How is India boosting its electronics manufacturing sector?
                                                                                                                                        68. Comment on the challenges in tyre recycling. What can be done to make it sustainable?
                                                                                                                                        69. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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