What is the difference between Nationalized Bank and Public Sector Bank?
Nationalization is an act of taking an industry or assets into the public ownership of a national government. Nationalization refers to private assets being transferred to the public sector to be operated by or owned by the state. So there is no difference between a nationalized bank and a public sector Bank. The opposite of nationalization is privatization. The Banks which were earlier in private sector were transferred to the public Sector by the act of nationalization. The first nationalized bank was Imperial Bank of India (under the SBI Act of 1955) and re-christened as State Bank of India (SBI) in July 1955. In 1969 , 14 banks were nationalized and in 1980, the second phase of nationalization of Indian banks took place, in which 7 more banks were nationalized. Currently total 26 public sector banks in India all were Nationalized over a period of time.