The First Secretary of State of India: Lord Stanley
The first Secretary of state was Lord Stanley, who prior to 2 August 1858, served as President of the Board of Control. The Secretary of State was now the political head of the India. Please note the following points:
Centralization of Administration
- The right of appointment to important offices in India was vested either in the crown or in the Secretary Of State of India-in-Council.
- This act abolished the Dual Government introduced by the Pitt’s India act.
- The administration of the country was now highly centralized.
- All civil, military and executive powers vested in the Governor in council, who was now the Viceroy of India.
- The Governor General was now responsible to Secretary of State. There was a provision of creation of an Indian Civil Service under the control of the Secretary of State.