Sayyid Dynasty

Sayyid Dynasty 1414-1451

The impact of the Invasion of Timur was that Delhi was not able to get her old ascendency. After a series of successions the Tughlaq dynasty had ended.

In 1414, Khizra Khan, the founder of the Sayyid dynasty, who claimed his descent from the Arabian Prophet, took control as a deputy of Timur in India. 4 Kings of the Sayyid dynasty indulged in perpetual struggle to retain some sort of control. Khizra Khan was succeeded by his son Mubarak Khan after his death on May 20, 1421. But he was murdered soon. Last ruler of this dynasty was Ala-ud-Din Alam Shah, who voluntarily abdicated the throne of the Delhi sultanate in favor of Bahlol Khan Lodi on April 19, 1451 and left for Badaun, where he died chanting names of the god.

India was once again disintegrated in smaller independent states and petty rulers ruled the territories, some of which were as small as 20-30 miles.

  • In South India first independent Islamic Kingdom in South Bahamni Kingdom had already formed by a vassal of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq.
  • In Karnataka the Vijayanagar empire was on its climax.