Sankho Chaudhuri was a student of Ramkinkar Baij. He began close to cubism and then was influenced by Istvan Beothy. His themes have included the female figure and wildlife. Chaudhuri was best known for carving his pieces out of wood and stone or moulding in metal simple and austere forms mostly intertwined with each other or broken into angles.
These often had a sweeping loftiness and smooth and polished surfaces. Besides a variety of wood, he used marble, both black and white and with zebra stripes, and limestone, which were characterised by a sheen.
He was worked in a wide range of media, and has produced both large-scale reliefs and mobiles. He expired in the year 2006. In 1956, he received the National Award by Lalit Kala Akademi. He also became the Padma shri recipient in the year 1971. He became the Fellow of Lalit Kala Akademi in 1982. He was delivered the Desikottama by Viswa Bharati University in 1988. In 2000-02, he received the Kali Das Samman.