National Education Mission

All schemes related to literacy / education improvement have been put under the umbrella of National Education Mission by Narendra Modi Government. The National Education Mission itself is made of four umbrella schemes as follows:

  • National Education Mission – Sakshar Bharat
  • National Education Mission – Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
  • National Education Mission – Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiskha Abhiyan (RMSA)
  • National Education Mission – Teachers Training

National Education Mission – Sakshar Bharat

Saakshar Bharat programme

This comprises the schemes of Literacy campaigns Adult Education & Skill Development.

Support to Jan Shikshan Sansthan etc

Support to NGOs/Institutions/SRCs for Adult Education & Skill Development scheme assimilates the two existing schemes of Support to NGOs in the field of Adult Education and Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS). Under the scheme, financial support is being provided to NGOs for imparting literacy to adult non-literates in the age group of 15-35 years. The State Resource Centres (SRCs) managed by the NGOs also receive support under this programme.

Directorate of Adult Education

Directorate of Adult Education (DAE) has been functioning as the National Resource Center in the field of Adult Education. The Directorate was set up as subordinate office of the Department of Elementary Education & Literacy under the Ministry of Human Resource Development to provide academic and technical resource support to various government and non-government agencies implementing Adult Education Programme in the country. The DAE is fully funded by the central Govt.

National Literacy Mission Authority (NLMA)

National Literacy Mission Authority was set up in 1988 as an autonomous wing of the Department of School Education & Literacy for implementation of the programmes of the National Literacy Mission.

National Education Mission: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) focuses on universalization of elementary education in the country. The NDA Government has also launched a new initiative Padhe Bharat, Badhe Bharat under this to focus specially on language and math.

National Education Mission: Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

While focus of SSA is elementary education, the focus of RMSA, which was launched in 2009-10, is secondary education.

National Education Mission: Teachers Training

It comprises the following three schemes:

  • Strengthening of Teachers Training Institutions: This scheme aims to prepare teaching staff of global standards. The Scheme envisages integration of teacher education with the overall education development in the States in keeping with the mandate of RTE. It will also help in the expansion of the capacity of the Teacher Education Institutions specially in some of the deficit States of East and North-Eastern Region and also address the problem of large number of untrained teachers.
  • Appointment of Language Teachers: The financial assistance under the scheme is given for appointment of Hindi Teachers in schools in non-speaking States/Uts, Urdu teachers in any locality where more than 25% of the population is from Urdu speaking community and Modern Indian Language Teachers to teach a third language in those schools of Hindi speaking States/Uts that demand them.
  • School Assessment Programme: This Programme for assessment of schools performance.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya National Mission for Teachers Training

The government was planning to rename the teacher training umbrella after Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya to create synergies among the various ongoing initiatives on teachers and teaching. The scheme will address all issues related to teachers, teaching, teacher preparation, professional development, curriculum design. It also aims to develop a strong professional cadre of teachers by setting performance standards and creating top class institutional facilities for innovative teaching. The scheme will also address the need to induct qualified teachers, attracting talent into teaching profession and raising the quality of teaching in schools and colleges.

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