Indian Penal Code 1862
The initial sketch of the Indian Penal Code was drawn by Lord Macaulay in 1830s, but it was finally drafted in 1860 and came into force in 1862. Prior to that, the final draft of Codes of Civil and Criminal Procedure was ready in 1861.
- Indian Penal code was inheritated by Pakistan after separation and was later named Pakistan Penal Code.
- The same was adopted by Bangladesh also.
- It was also adopted in almost all the British colonies of Asia such as Burma, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.
Before 1860, the basis of justice was “The English Criminal Law” which was administered in the Presidency-Towns of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.
- The age old penal code and its many articles have become obsolete and needs to be revised. The Malimath Committee of 2003 is related to the issue of reforms in the IPC.