Hindustan Socialist Republican Association 1928
The sole remaining absconder of the Kakori Conspiracy of 1923 was Chandra Sekhar Azad. He was born in 1906 in Jhabua District of Madhya Pradesh and was deeply disturbed by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He had actively participated in the Non-cooperation movement but was jolted due to sudden withdrawal of the movement. At that time he age was around 15 years and this young boy was sent to prison at this tender age.
After the Kakori conspiracy, 5 members as mentioned above were sentenced to death. Other members either were sent for long imprisonments or deported for life.
Chandrasekhar led the remaining revolutionaries and on September 9-10, 1928 at Feroz Shah Kotla Maidan of Delhi and he along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Batukeshwar Dutt, and Rajguru founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association or the Garam Dal.
- This HSRA brought out a Manifesto known as “Philosophy of the Bomb“. This manifesto was written by Bhagawathi Charan Vohra.