In terms of share markets, a Bear is an investor / broker or any other person who expects the market price of shares to decline. The term also refers to the one who has sold shares which he does not possess, in the hope of buying them back at a lower price, when the market price of the shares come down in the near future. A Bear Market is a weak or falling market characterized by the dominance of sellers. If there is a false signal in the markets that the rising prices of a stock would reverse and sink, but actually it does not happen; then it is called a Bear Trap.