Assessment of the Civil Disobedience Movement
- While the Non-cooperation Movement was launched to remedy the wrongs of the Government of India Act 1919, the Civil Disobedience Movement was launched as an attempt to attain Poorna Swarajya.
- The Congress became so popular that in 1937, when elections were held, it swept away all others.
- The Non-cooperation movement was the beginning, and there was no deliberated violation of law. But in the Civil Disobedience Movement laws were deliberately broken; it became popular among the rural and poor.
- The picketing of the Liquor shops was something which made the women an indispensable part of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
- The impact of this movement was slow but definite. In due course of time, CPI emerged as an alternative to the Congress.
- The gap between Hindu and Muslims became so wide that it culminated in partition, around a decade and half later.
The second phase of the Civil disobedience Movement also saw the significant uprising in two princely states viz. Kashmir & Alwar in Rajasthan.
The uprising in Alwar is also called the Mev Uprising; the Mevs are the semi-tribal peasants of Alwar district.
- These people rose against the Maharaja Jaisingh against the revenue enhancement measures.
- The result was the Maharaja of Alwar was sent to Europe and Alwar administration came under the Central Government for many years.
It was the second half of 1932, when it was almost clear that the Civil disobedianece Movement is going to prove to be fruitless. The days of Gandhi’s Satyagraha seemed to have gone, and the Peasants were almost against Gandhi because, they never wanted to lose their lands. The result was that in many Zamindari areas, the peasants turned radicals. Some Kisan Sabhas came up and many peasants started leaning towards the Communists.