Aadhaar is a unique identification number which is issued to all Indian residents under section 3 of The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016. This 12 digit unique identity number serves as a proof of identity anywhere in India. United States Of America also have a similar kind of social security number issued to its residents.
Section 2(a) of The Aadhaar Act, 2016, defines Aadhar :
Aadhaar card is basically an identification document issued by the UIDAI after it records and verifies every resident Indian citizen’s details including biometric and demographic data .A number is issued to an individual which is unique and valid for the life time and cannot be reissued to any other individual. It may be accepted as a proof of Identity however it is not a conclusive proof of citizenship in respect of an Aadhar number individual.
Aadhar is issued by Government Of India which delegates its power to UIDAI( Unique Identification Authority Of India). UIDAI is responsible for the processes of enrolment and authentication and such other functions as may be assigned to it under the Aadhaar Act 2016. The main objective of aadhar is to ensure good governance and for efficient transparent and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services to the Individual.
The linking of Aadhar done by Government Of India under its various schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, MNREGAS, Pension, Scholarship, turned out to be very effective as the individual got these money which get transferred directly to their respective bank accounts. The Aadhar number that helps governments design better welfare programmes, enables residents to access resources and services more easily wherever they live, and allows agencies and programmes to deliver benefits and services effectively and transparently.
The present scenario is that around 1Billion aadhar card has been generated by UIDAI covering 93% of the people above age of 18, around 22.25 Crores covering 67% of children of age 5-18 years , around 2.30 Crores covering 20% of children of age 0-5 years. As far as privacy of an individual is concerned these information are deemed to be sensitive under Aadhar Act, 2016. However these information’s can be shared in the Interest of National Security.