UNSC adopts resolution on Afghanistan

The United Nations Security Council, under the Presidency of India, adopted a resolution on the situation in Afghanistan on August 30, 2021.

Highlights

  • The resolution demanded that the war-torn country, Afghanistan, not be used to threaten or attack any nation or shelter terrorists.
  • Resolution was put forward by the US, UK and France.
  • It was adopted with the votes of 13 Council members in favour.
  • Permanent members Russia and China abstained from the voting.

Taliban in Afghanistan

The Taliban seized power in Afghanistan on August 15, 2021. They captured the country two weeks before the United States was set to complete its troop withdrawal, ending the longest war in US history. This seizing also forced Afghan President Ashraf Ghani to flee to the United Arab Emirates.

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

UNSC is one among the six principal organs of the United Nations. It is charged with ensuring international peace and security. It also recommends on the admission of new UN members to general assembly and approves any changes in the UN Charter. Some of its power include- establishment of peacekeeping operations, enactment of international sanctions, and authorization of military action. UNSC is the only UN body that can issue binding resolutions on member states.

When it was created?

UNSC was created after World War II to address failings of the League of Nations in maintaining peace across the world.

Member of UNSC

UNSC comprises of fifteen members, out of which five are permanent viz, China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. Permanent members can use their veto power on substantive resolution. Remaining ten members are elected on a regional basis and serve for a term of two years. Presidency of the body rotates monthly among its members.

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