UAE declared ‘Reciprocating Territory’ by India

Indian expatriates if convicted in a civil case in the UAE would no longer be able to seek safe heaven back in India as the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India during the second week of January 2020 issued an Extraordinary Gazette Notification, which declared the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to be a “reciprocating territory” under Section 44A of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908. The notification also declared a list of courts in the UAE to be ‘Superior Courts’ under the same section of CPC.

The orders passed by certain designated courts from a ‘reciprocating territory’ can be implemented in India as if they were passed in India. Besides UAE, the other countries which were declared as reciprocating territories include the United Kingdom, Singapore, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and New Zealand among others. The decision is believed to help bring down the time required for executing verdicts between the two countries. Apart from the Federal Courts of UAE (Federal Supreme Court and Federal First Instant and Appeal Court), six other Local courts were identified as Superior Courts.

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