SCO Dushanbe meet- Highlights

India, during SCO meeting in Dushanbe, has called on members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to act against terrorism and terror financing.

Highlights

  • Meeting was dominated by deteriorating security situation in Afghanistan.
  • Meeting was attended by representatives from countries having observer status with SCO and SCO members.
  • External affairs minister of India, S Jaishankar, raised these issues when he joined his counterparts from SCO states.
  • Three prominent issues discussed by members were Afghanistan, public health and economic recovery. Apart from that, issues of combating terrorism & extremism were raised. These issues are key purpose of SCO.

India’s call

  • India sought to stop terror financing and deter digital facilitation.
  • It also urged the need of early universal vaccination against Covid-19.
  • Indian minister also spoke on reformed multilateralism.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

SCO, also dubbed as Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic & security alliance. Announcement for creating SCO was made on June 15, 2001 in Shanghai, China. This proposal was put forward by leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

Which charter led to creation of SCO?

Shanghai Cooperation Organization Charter was signed in June 2002 that formally established the organization. SCO entered into force on September 19, 2003.

Background

Original five members of SCO; China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; were previously members of Shanghai Five group that was founded in April 1996. Since then, organization has expanded its membership to eight states. Newest members of SCO are India and Pakistan. Both the countries joined as full members on June 9, 2017 at Astana summit of SCO.

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