Norovirus confirmed in Wayanad, Kerala

First case of Norovirus was confirmed in Wayanad district of Kerala.

Highlights

  • Norovirus is an animal-borne disease. It is transmitted through contaminated water and food.
  • Following the confirmation of case, Health Minister Veena George issued guidelines and urged people to be vigilant for the same.
  • People were directed to intensify preventive activities and to spread awareness regarding the disease.

What is Norovirus?

Norovirus are a group of viruses, causing gastrointestinal illness. Virus causes inflammation in lining of the stomach & intestines, severe vomiting and diarrhoea. The virus does not significantly affect healthy people. However, it can seriously affect elderly, young children, and people with other comorbidities.

How this disease spread?

The virus spreads very easily and quickly. It spread from infected people to others when direct contacts occur, as well as through contaminated foods & surfaces. It also spread through excrement and vomit of an infected individual. It can be spread for up to two days, after the onset of this disease. Such outbreaks occur often between November to April.

Symptoms of Norovirus

  • Common symptoms of Norovirus include abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, vomiting, headache, nausea, and body aches.
  • Acute vomiting and diarrhoea might lead to dehydration and other complications.

What are the guidelines?

  • According to guidelines, infected people should rest at home and drink ORS solution & boiled water.
  • In a preventive move, people should take proper care of their personal hygiene as well as immediate environmental hygiene.
  • People interacting with animals have been advised to pay special attention.

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